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Medical Oncology

, 33:37 | Cite as

Modified irinotecan and infusional 5-fluorouracil (mFOLFIRI) in patients with refractory advanced pancreas cancer (APC): a single-institution experience

  • M. Bupathi
  • D. H. Ahn
  • C. Wu
  • K. K. Ciombor
  • J. A. Stephens
  • J. Reardon
  • D. A. Goldstein
  • T. Bekaii-SaabEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is the fourth leading cause of cancer death. Recently, MM-398 (nanoliposomal irinotecan) was shown to be associated with significant improvement in outcome measures with acceptable toxicities when combined with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)/leucovorin (LV) compared to 5-FU/LV alone in patients failing one line of gemcitabine-based therapy. There is a paucity of data evaluating the role of irinotecan in combination with 5FU in advanced pancreas cancer (APC). We performed a retrospective analysis of all patients who received mFOLFIRI (minus bolus 5FU and LV). All patients with metastatic disease who had failed at least one line of gemcitabine-based therapy prior to receiving mFOLFIRI were included in this study. Descriptive statistics were used to assess the continuous variables and adverse events (AEs), and Kaplan–Meier methods were used to calculate the median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Forty patients were included in this analysis. Patients received 1–5 lines of prior therapy (25 % with more than 3 lines of prior therapy). The mean age at diagnosis was 60, and 98 % had ECOG of 1. The mean CA 19-9 at the start of therapy was 33,169 U/ml. The median PFS was 2.59 months [95 % confidence interval (CI) (1.90, 3.54)], and OS was 4.75 months [95 % CI (3.14, 8.98)]. The most common AEs included fatigue (98 %), neuropathy (83 %), anorexia (68 %), nausea (60 %) and constipation (55 %). Grade 3 toxicities included fatigue (13 %) and rash (3 %). There were no observed grade 4 toxicities. In this single-institution retrospective analysis, mFOLFIRI was found to be both tolerable and relatively effective in a heavily pretreated patient population with APC. Future prospective studies should consider evaluating the role of mFOLFIRI in refractory APC.

Keywords

Pancreatic Cancer FOLFIRI Gemcitabine Adverse effects Tolerability 

Notes

Funding

None.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Bupathi
    • 1
  • D. H. Ahn
    • 1
  • C. Wu
    • 1
  • K. K. Ciombor
    • 1
  • J. A. Stephens
    • 2
  • J. Reardon
    • 3
  • D. A. Goldstein
    • 4
    • 5
  • T. Bekaii-Saab
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Medical Oncology, Richard Solove Research Institute and James Cancer HospitalThe Ohio State University Wexner Medical CenterColumbusUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biomedical Informatics, Center for BiostatisticsThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  3. 3.Department of Pharmacy, Richard Solove Research Institute and James Cancer HospitalThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  4. 4.Winship Cancer InstituteEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA
  5. 5.Davidoff Cancer CenterRabin Medical CenterPetach TikvaIsrael

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