Journal of Molecular Neuroscience

, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp 13–22 | Cite as

Post-Translational Modifications of Nucleosomal Histones in Oligodendrocyte Lineage Cells in Development and Disease

  • Siming Shen
  • Patrizia Casaccia-Bonnefil


The role of epigenetics in modulating gene expression in the development of organs and tissues and in disease states is becoming increasingly evident. Epigenetics refers to the several mechanisms modulating inheritable changes in gene expression that are independent of modifications of the primary DNA sequence and include post-translational modifications of nucleosomal histones, changes in DNA methylation, and the role of microRNA. This review focuses on the epigenetic regulation of gene expression in oligodendroglial lineage cells. The biological effects that post-translational modifications of critical residues in the N-terminal tails of nucleosomal histones have on oligodendroglial cells are reviewed, and the implications for disease and repair are critically discussed.


Chromatin Development Epigenetics Brain Myelin Differentiation Glia 



Partially supported by grants from NIH-NINDS (RO1NS042925 and RO1 052738) and from the National Multiple Sclerosis Society (NMSS3957) to P.C.B. We thank Dr. Juan Sandoval for the help with the graphic illustrations.


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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department Neuroscience and Cell BiologyRobert Wood Johnson Medical SchoolPiscatawayUSA

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