Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer

, Volume 45, Issue 4, pp 466–471 | Cite as

HES1 as an Independent Prognostic Marker in Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

  • Shaghayegh Taleb
  • Mohammad Reza Abbaszadegan
  • Meysam Moghbeli
  • Nasim Hayati Roudbari
  • Mohammad Mahdi Forghanifard
Original Research



Notch signaling is one of the main involved pathways in cell differentiation and organogenesis, and its deregulation may lead to tumorigenesis. In this pathway, targeted to the CSL (CBF1, Suppressor of Hairless or Lag-1) complex, notch intracellular domain (NICD) releases corepressors and recruits MAML1 as coactivator triggering the activation of notch signaling transcription complex. Hairy enhance of split-1 (HES1) is one of the notch signaling target genes which is a basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor acting as a proliferation stimulator through the suppression of cell cycle inhibitors such as p27 and p21.


In this study, we aimed to analyze the role of HES1 in the progression of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).


Messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of HES1 in fresh tumoral tissues and their margin normal samples were assessed in 50 ESCC patients by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).


Thirteen out of 50 cases (26 %) had HES1 underexpression, while HES1 overexpression was observed only in 4 (8 %) samples. HES1 underexpression was significantly correlated with tumor depth of invasion (P = 0.035).


Although we have not observed any significant correlation between the HES1 expression and notch activation in ESCC, this study is the first report that elucidated the HES1 underexpression in ESCC and revealed its correlation with the invasiveness of ESCC.


ESCC Notch signaling pathway HES1 Real-time PCR Iran Tumor 



The authors gratefully acknowledge the colleagues at the Division of Human Genetics and Department of Surgery and Pathology of Emam Reza and Omid Hospitals (MUMS) for their assistances in gathering and preparing the ESCC samples.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shaghayegh Taleb
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mohammad Reza Abbaszadegan
    • 3
  • Meysam Moghbeli
    • 2
  • Nasim Hayati Roudbari
    • 1
  • Mohammad Mahdi Forghanifard
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Biology, Sciences and Research BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Division of Human Genetics, Immunology Research Center, Avicenna Research InstituteMashhad University of Medical SciencesMashhadIran
  3. 3.Medical Genetics Research Center, Medical SchoolMashhad University of Medical SciencesMashhadIran
  4. 4.Department of BiologyDamghan Branch, Islamic Azad UniversityDamghanIran

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