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The priorities of EU public procurement regulation

Abstract

The reform agenda of public procurement is guided by doctrines developed by the Court of Justice of the European Union which attempt to fuse the underlying principles of public procurement regulation with the fundamental principles enshrined in the EU Treaties. Primary EU law supplements wherever needed the deficiencies of the public procurement Directives. The CJEU’s jurisprudence has been instrumental in developing the policy and the concepts of the public procurement acquis and in providing for flexibility, clarity and certainty to its decentralised application and enforcement. Public procurement represents an instrument for growth and competitiveness for the EU and its Member States.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    European Commission, Communication to the European Parliament, the Council, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, Towards a Single Market Act, COM (2010) 608 final.

  2. 2.

    European Commission, Communication, Europe 2020, A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, 3.3.2010, COM (2010) 2020 final.

  3. 3.

    European Commission, Guide to the application of the European Union rules on state aid, public procurement and the internal market to services of general economic interest, and in particular to social services of general interest, 7.12.2010, SEC(2010) 1545 final. European Commission, Buying Social: A Guide to Taking Account of Social Considerations in Public Procurement, SEC(2010) 1258, final.

  4. 4.

    Communication to the European Parliament, the Council, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, Towards a Single Market Act, COM (2010) 608 final.

  5. 5.

    White Paper for the Completion of the Internal Market, COM (85) 310 fin, 1985; also Green Paper on Public Procurement in the European Union: Exploring the way forward, European Commission 1996; also Commission, Communication on Public Procurement in the European Union, COM (98) 143.

  6. 6.

    Cases C-223/99 Agora Srl v Ente Autonomo Fiera Internazionale di Milano and C-260/99 Excelsior Snc di Pedrotti Runa & C v. Ente Autonomo Fiera Internazionale di Milano, [2001] ECR 3605; C-360/96, Gemeente Arnhem Gemeente Rheden v. BFI Holding BV, [1998] ECR 6821; C-44/96, Mannesmann Anlangenbau Austria AG et al. v. Strohal Rotationsdurck GesmbH, [1998] ECR 73.

  7. 7.

    See Commission, The Cost of Non-Europe, Basic Findings, Vol.5, Part. A; The Cost of Non-Europe in Public Sector Procurement (Official Publications of the European Communities, 1988). Also the Cechinni Report 1992 The European Challenge, (Wildwood House, 1988).

  8. 8.

    European Commission, Communication, Europe 2020, A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, 3.3.2010, COM (2010) 2020 final.

  9. 9.

    Green Paper on the modernization of EU public procurement policy: Towards a more efficient European Procurement Market, COM(2011)15/47.

  10. 10.

    European Commission, Communication to the European Parliament, the Council, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, Towards a Single Market Act, COM(2010) 608 final.

  11. 11.

    European Commission, White Paper for the Completion of the Internal Market, COM (85) 310 fin, 1985; also Green Paper on Public Procurement in the European Union: Exploring the way forward, European Commission 1996; also European Commission, Communication on Public Procurement in the European Union, COM (98) 143.

  12. 12.

    Commission of the European Communities, The Cost of Non-Europe, Basic Findings, Vol.5, Part.A; The Cost of Non-Europe in Public Sector Procurement, Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 1988. Also the Cechinni Report 1992 The European Challenge, Aldershot, Wildwood House, 1988.

  13. 13.

    Cases C-223/99 Agora Srl v Ente Autonomo Fiera Internazionale di Milano and C-260/99 Excelsior Snc di Pedrotti Runa & C v. Ente Autonomo Fiera Internazionale di Milano, [2001] ECR 3605; C-360/96, Gemeente Arnhem Gemeente Rheden v. BFI Holding BV, [1998] ECR 6821; C-44/96, Mannesmann Anlangenbau Austria AG et al. v. Strohal Rotationsdurck GesmbH, [1998] ECR 73.

  14. 14.

    Directive 2014/24/EU on the coordination of procedures for the award of public works contracts, public supply contracts and public service contracts; Directive 2014/25/EU coordinating the procurement procedures of entities operating in the water, energy, transport and postal services sectors and Directive 2014/23/EU on the on the coordination of procedures for the award of concessions.

  15. 15.

    Public Sector Remedies Directive 89/665 OJ 1989, L 395/33, and the Utilities Remedies Directive 92/13, OJ 1992, L 76/14.

  16. 16.

    Directive 2007/66, O.J. 2007, L335/31.

  17. 17.

    Case C-44/96 Mannesmann Anlagenbau Austria and Others, [1998] ECR I-73, paragraphs 20 and 21; case C-470/99 Universale-Bau and Others [2002] ECR I-11617, paragraphs 51 to 53; case C-214/00 Commission v Spain [2003] ECR I-4667, paragraphs 52 and 53; and case C-283/00 Commission v Spain [2003] ECR I-11697, paragraph 69.

  18. 18.

    Case C-214/00 Commission v Spain [2003] ECR I-4667, paragraphs 54, 55 and 60; and case C-283/00 Commission v Spain [2003] ECR I-11697, paragraph 75.

  19. 19.

    Case C-18/01, Arkkitehtuuritoimisto Riitta Korhonen Oy, Arkkitehtitoimisto Pentti Toivanen Oy, Rakennuttajatoimisto Vilho Tervomaa and Varkauden Taitotalo Oy,, [2003] ECR I-5321 paragraphs 48 and 59; also case C-373/00, Adolf Truly, [2003] ECR-193, paragraph 66.

  20. 20.

    Case C-470/99 Universale-Bau and Others [2002] ECR I-11617, paragraphs 51 to 53.

  21. 21.

    Case C-26/03, Stadt Halle, RPL Recyclingpark Lochau GmbH v. Arbeitsgemeinschaft Thermische Restabfall- und Energieverwertungsanlage TREA Leuna, [2005] ECR I-1.

  22. 22.

    Case \(C-283\)/00, Commission v Spain, [2003] ECR I-11697. Cases Adolf Truley, paragraph 42, and Korhonen, paragraphs 51 and 52, op.cit.

  23. 23.

    Case C-300/07, Hans & Christophorus Oymanns GbR, Orthopädie Schuhtechnik, v. AOK Rheinland/Hamburg, [2009] ECR I-4779.

  24. 24.

    Case C-44/96 Mannesmann Anlagenbau Austria and Others, [1998] ECR I-73, paragraphs 20 and 21; case C-470/99 Universale-Bau and Others [2002] ECR I-11617, paragraphs 51 to 53; case C-214/00 Commission v Spain [2003] ECR I-4667, paragraphs 52 and 53; and case C-283/00 Commission v Spain [2003] ECR I-11697, paragraph 69.

  25. 25.

    Case C-44/96 Mannesmann Anlagenbau Austria, [1998] ECR I-73, paragraphs 17 to 35.

  26. 26.

    Cases C-360/96, Gemeente Arnhem Gemeente Rheden v. BFI Holding \(BV\), \(op\).cit; C-44/96, Mannesmann Anlangenbau Austria AG et al. v. Strohal Rotationsdurck GesmbH, op.cit.

  27. 27.

    Case C-18/01 Korhonen and Others [2003] ECR I-5321, paragraph 51.

  28. 28.

    Case C-107/98, Teckal Slr v Comune di Viano, [1999] ECR I-8121; case C-237/99, Commission v. France, case C-380/98, The Queen and H.M. Treasury, ex parte University of Cambridge, [2000] ECR I-8035.

  29. 29.

    Joined cases C-223/99 & C-260/99, Agora Srl v. Ente Autonomo Fiera Internazionale di Milano and Excelsior Snc di Pedrotti Runa & C v. Ente Autonomo Fiera Internazionale di Milano, [2001] ECR I-3605; also case C-18/01 Korhonen and Others [2003] ECR I-5321, paragraph 51.

  30. 30.

    Directive 2014/24 on the coordination of procedures for the award of public works contracts, public supply contracts and public service contracts; Directive 2014/25 coordinating the procurement procedures of entities operating in the water, energy, transport and postal services sectors and Directive 2014/23 on the on the coordination of procedures for the award of concessions.

  31. 31.

    Case C-37/92 Vanacker and Lesage [1993] ECR I-4947, paragraph 9; Case C-324/99 DaimlerChrysler [2001] ECR I-9897, paragraph 32; and case C-322/01 Deutscher Apothekerverband [2003] ECR I-14887, paragraph 64.

  32. 32.

    Case C-231/03 Coname [2005] ECR I-7287, paragraph 16, and case C-264/03 Commission v France [2005] ECR I-8831, paragraph 32.

  33. 33.

    See case 45/87 Commission v Ireland [1988] ECR I-4929, paragraph 27, where the Court held that the inclusion in the contract specification of a clause stipulating exclusively the use of national specifications infringe Article 30 EC; Case C-243/89 Commission v Denmark (Storebælt) [1993] ECR I-3353, where the Court found that contract clauses concerning preference to national specifications and nominated sub-contractors infringe Articles 30, 48 and 59 EC; Case C-158/03 Commission v Spain, and Case C-234/03 Contse and Others [2005] ECR I-9315, where the content of tendering specifications, and in particular sub-criteria for the award of contracts ran contrary to Article 49 EC; Case C-92/00 \(HI\) [2002] ECR I-5553, paragraph 42, where the Court ruled that contracting authorities’ decisions are subject to fundamental rules of Community law, and in particular to the principles on the right of establishment and the freedom to provide services; Case C-244/02 Kauppatalo Hansel Oy [2003] ECR I-12139, paragraphs 31 and 33, where the Court confirmed the principle under which primary law is to be taken into account in a supplemental capacity for evaluating the effectiveness of the public procurement Directives; Case C-57/01 Makedoniko Metro and Mihaniki [2003] ECR I-1091, paragraph 69, where the Court held that even if the Community directives on public procurement do not contain specifically applicable provisions, the general principles of Community law … govern procedures for the award of public contracts; Case C-275/98 Unitron Scandinavia [1999] ECR I-8291, paragraph 30 et seq, where the Court held that Community law principles such as the principles of transparency and the prohibition of discrimination on grounds of nationality must embrace the remit of the public procurement Directives.

  34. 34.

    Joined cases C-117/76 and C-16/77 Ruckdeschel and Others [1977] ECR 1753, paragraph 7.

  35. 35.

    Joined cases 201/85 and 202/85 Klensch and Others [1986] ECR 3477, paragraph 9, and case C-442/00 Rodríguez Caballero [2002] ECR I-11915, paragraph 32.

  36. 36.

    Directive 2006/123/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 on services in the internal market (OJ L 376, 27.12.2006).

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Bovis, C. The priorities of EU public procurement regulation. ERA Forum 21, 283–297 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12027-020-00608-8

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Keywords

  • Public procurement
  • Strategy
  • Sustainability
  • Reforms
  • Transparency
  • Competitiveness
  • Flexibility