ERA Forum

pp 1–11 | Cite as

Victims’ protection within the context of trafficking in human beings and European Union standards

  • Evelyn ProbstEmail author


In the context of European Union standards, our understanding of victims’ protection has to be redefined. Unconditional support for trafficked persons is manifested in EU Directive 2011/36/EU. Yet, both the right to and access to psycho-social counselling, to residence permits and to compensation is hindered through an inconsistent international legal framework. Victims’ rights have to be at the centre of victims’ protection, with a focus on their individual vulnerabilities and needs. Therefore this paper argues that victims’ protection of trafficked persons has to be understood in a broader safety frame.


Protection Residence permits Conditionality Compensation 


  1. 1.
    Brunkowski, A.M.L.: Two birds with one stone? Implications of conditional assistance in victim protection and prosecution of traffickers. In: Anti Trafficking Review, vol. 6, pp. 13–30 (2016) Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Planitzer, J., et al.: Entschädigung für Betroffene des Menschenhandels. ÖGB Verlag, Wien (2011) Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Scherr, A.: Wer soll deportiert werden? Wie die folgenreiche Unterscheidung zwischen den “wirklichen” Flüchtlingen, den zu Duldenden und den Abschiebenden hergestellt wird. Springer, Wiesbaden (2015) Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ERA 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LEFÖ–Intervention Center for Trafficked Women and Girls (LEFÖ–IBF)ViennaAustria

Personalised recommendations