Tit for tat—Europe’s revenge for the Canadian and US-American PNR systems? The envisaged European model of analyzing flight passenger data

Abstract

After 9/11 the United States of America as well as other countries discovered the collection and evaluation of flight passenger data, so called passenger name records (PNR), as a new tool to track terrorists and other criminals. The use of the PNR was meant to help to identify potential terrorists before they reach American territory. Despite being criticized for fundamental rights violations, the EU is on the threshold of imitating the American PNR system. This paper analyses the current state of play of the proposed EU-PNR system by taking into account its scope and its compliance with basic European data protection rules.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. 1.

    Brouwer, E.: Towards a European PNR system? Questions on the added value and the protection of fundamental rights. Study requested by the European Parliament’s Committee on civil liberties, justice and home affairs (LIBE) (2008)

  2. 2.

    De Hert, P., Bellanova, R.: Data protection from a transatlantic perspective: the EU and US move towards an international data protection agreement? Study requested by the European Parliament’s Committee on civil liberties, justice and home affairs (LIBE) (2008)

  3. 3.

    Mendez, M.: Passenger name record agreement, European court of justice. Eur. Const. Law Rev. 3, 127–147 (2007)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Papakonstantinou, V., de Hert, P.: The PNR Agreement and Transatlantic anti-terrorism cooperation: no firm human rights framework on either side of the Atlantic. Common Mark. Law Rev. 46(3), 885–919 (2009)

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Pawlak, P.: Made in USA? The influence of the US on the EU’s data protection regime, publication of the Centre of European Policy Studies, Liberty and Security in Europe, Justice and Home Affairs section (2009)

  6. 6.

    Peers, S.: The Third Pillar acquis after the Treaty of Lisbon enters into force. Statewatch analysis. Available at http://www.statewatch.org/analyses/86-third-pillar-acquis-post-lisbon.pdf (2009)

  7. 7.

    Simitis, S.: Der EuGH und die Vorratsdatenspeicherung oder die verfehlte Kehrtwende bei der Kompetenzregelung. Neue Jurist. Wochenzeitschr. 25, 782–1786 (2009)

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Franziska Boehm.

Additional information

Franziska Boehm is a research assistant at the University of Luxembourg where she is also preparing her PhD thesis.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Boehm, F. Tit for tat—Europe’s revenge for the Canadian and US-American PNR systems? The envisaged European model of analyzing flight passenger data. ERA Forum 11, 251–261 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12027-010-0159-7

Download citation

Keywords

  • EU-PNR
  • Data protection
  • PNR and EU-US PNR