Long QT syndrome KCNH2 mutation with sequential fetal and maternal sudden death
We report a case of a woman who experienced intrauterine fetal death at full term pregnancy, and then died suddenly soon after learning about the death of her fetus. At autopsy, previously undiagnosed neurofibromatosis and an adrenal gland pheochromocytoma were discovered in the mother. Genetic screening also revealed a novel KCNH2mutation in both fetus and mother indicating type 2 congenital long-QT syndrome (LQTS). A catecholamine surge was suspected as the precipitating event of fetal cardiac arrhythmia and sudden fetal death, while the addition of emotional stress provoked a lethal cardiac event in the mother. This case illustrates the potential for lethal interactions between two occult diseases (pheochromocytoma, LQTS).
KeywordsSudden intrauterine death Sudden maternal death in pregnancy Long QT syndrome Pheochromocytoma Neurofibromatosis