Rhesus Macaque Brain Atlas Regions Aligned to an MRI Template

Abstract

To aid in the analysis of rhesus macaque brain images, we aligned digitized anatomical regions from the widely used atlas of Paxinos et al. to a published magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) template based on a large number of subjects. Digitally labelled atlas images were aligned to the template in 2D and then in 3D. The resulting grey matter regions appear qualitatively to be well registered to the template. To quantitatively validate the procedure, MR brain images of 20 rhesus macaques were aligned to the template along with regions drawn by hand in striatal and cortical areas in each subject’s MRI. There was good geometric overlap between the hand drawn regions and the template regions. Positron emission tomography (PET) images of the same subjects showing uptake of a dopamine D2 receptor ligand were aligned to the template space, and good agreement was found between tracer binding measures calculated using the hand drawn and template regions. In conclusion, an anatomically defined set of rhesus macaque brain regions has been aligned to an MRI template and has been validated for analysis of PET imaging in a subset of striatal and cortical areas. The entire set of over 200 regions is publicly available at https://www.nitrc.org/.

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Acknowledgements

This work was primarily funded by NIH grant R21EB004482 to A.K.C. with additional support from R01AA012277, P50MH100031, and U54HD090256. G.Y.B. acknowledges JS McDonnell Collaborative Research Grant 220020255. The authors are grateful to Mary L. Schneider for the use of PET and MR images. The authors are grateful to Max Albiero, Erin Crain, Shilpa Cyriac, Sabrina Koehler, Parker Johnson, and Alysha Rameshk for assistance drawing and analyzing ROIs for validation.

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Author notes

  1. Rolf Kotter is deceased (Stephan et al. 2010). His coauthors are grateful for his contributions to this work.

    • Rolf Kötter
  2. • Anatomical regions from the Paxinos atlas were aligned to a published MRI template

    • ROIs were validated against hand drawn ROIs for PET image analysis

    • The full set of aligned ROIs is available online.

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    Correspondence to Alexander K. Converse.

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    Research Highlights

    • Anatomical regions from the Paxinos atlas were aligned to a published MRI template

    • ROIs were validated against hand drawn ROIs for PET image analysis

    • The full set of aligned ROIs is available online.

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    Moirano, J.M., Bezgin, G.Y., Ahlers, E.O. et al. Rhesus Macaque Brain Atlas Regions Aligned to an MRI Template. Neuroinform 17, 295–306 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12021-018-9400-2

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    Keywords

    • Rhesus macaque
    • Brain
    • Atlas
    • Regions of interest
    • Positron emission tomography (PET)
    • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)