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Endocrine

, Volume 64, Issue 1, pp 90–96 | Cite as

Comparison among TIRADS (ACR TI-RADS and KWAK- TI-RADS) and 2015 ATA Guidelines in the diagnostic efficiency of thyroid nodules

  • Luying Gao
  • Xuehua Xi
  • Yuxin Jiang
  • Xiao Yang
  • Ying Wang
  • Shenling Zhu
  • Xingjian Lai
  • Xiaoyan Zhang
  • Ruina Zhao
  • Bo ZhangEmail author
Original Article
  • 338 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

To compare the value of Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data Systems proposed by Kwak (KWAK-TIRADS) and ACR (ACR TI-RADS) and 2015 American Thyroid Association (ATA) guidelines in the diagnosis of surgically resected thyroid nodules.

Methods

From January 2015 to December 2015, 2544 thyroid nodules in 1758 patients who underwent thyroidectomy at our center were included. The KWAK-TIRADS category, ACR TI-RADS and ultrasound (US) pattern based on ATA guidelines were assigned to each thyroid nodule. Nodules were divided into groups according to their maximal diameter further.

Results

Of all the nodules, 863 (33.9%) were benign, whereas 1681 (66.1%) were malignant. The malignancy percentage of ACR TI-RADS category 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 were 0%, 1.3%, 9.1%, 52.5%, and 88.8%, respectively. KWAK-TIRADS and ATA guidelines showed a better diagnostic efficiency than ACR TI-RADS (P < 0.01). ACR TI-RADS demonstrated a higher specificity (79.7%, P < 0.05), whereas the ATA US pattern had a higher sensitivity (95.5%, P < 0.01). The TIRADS (KWAK-TIRADS and ACR TI-RADS) category and ATA guidelines performed better in differentiating nodules >1 cm. KWAK-TIRADS showed better diagnostic efficiency than the other methods in differentiating nodules >1 cm (AUC: 0.92, P < 0.01).

Conclusions

KWAK-TIRADS and ATA guidelines provide a better diagnostic efficiency than ACR TI-RADS. The TIRADS (KWAK-TIRADS and ACR TI-RADS) category and ATA guidelines perform better in differentiating nodules >1 cm than nodules ≤1 cm. KWAK-TIRADS perform better in differentiating nodules >1 cm than other methods.

Keywords

Thyroid nodules Ultrasound 2015 American Thyroid Association management guideline Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System 

Notes

Funding

This study was supported by a grant from the National International Science and Technology Cooperation Project (2015DFA 30440).

Author contributions

L.G. and X.X. participated in the study design, performed the statistical analysis, and drafted the manuscript. Y.J. conceived of the study, participated in its design. X.Y., Y.W., S.Z., R.Z., X.L., and X.Z. carried out the selection and collection of samples. B.Z. participated in the study design, performed the statistical analysis, and review the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards, and the requirement for informed consent was waived for this retrospective study.

Supplementary material

12020_2019_1843_MOESM1_ESM.docx (13 kb)
Supplementary Information

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of UltrasoundChinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College HospitalBeijingChina

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