Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology

, Volume 41, Issue 3, pp 237–244

Pruritus and Atopic Dermatitis

  • Ulf Darsow
  • Florian Pfab
  • Michael Valet
  • Johannes Huss-Marp
  • Heidrun Behrendt
  • Johannes Ring
  • Sonja Ständer
Article
  • 563 Downloads

Abstract

Atopic eczema is one of the most pruritic skin diseases. Mediators of atopic eczema itch in the skin are still mostly unknown, but recent studies showed that the histamine 4 receptor plays an important role in itch pathophysiology; tryptase and interleukin-31 are also involved. Differences in itch perception and itch kinetics between healthy volunteers and eczema patients point towards an ongoing central nervous inhibitory activity in patients. Questionnaire studies reported comparatively higher loads in affective items chosen by patients with atopic eczema. In the concept of patient management, the therapy of clinical pruritus has to consider origin and perception of itch, namely the skin and the central nervous system, by combining topical and systemic treatment.

Keywords

Atopic dermatitis Eczema Itch Antipruritic treatment 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulf Darsow
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 6
  • Florian Pfab
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Michael Valet
    • 4
  • Johannes Huss-Marp
    • 2
  • Heidrun Behrendt
    • 2
    • 3
  • Johannes Ring
    • 1
    • 3
  • Sonja Ständer
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Dermatology and Allergy BiedersteinTechnische Universität MünchenMunichGermany
  2. 2.Division of Environmental Dermatology and Allergy GSF/TUMMunichGermany
  3. 3.Christine Kühne Center for Allergy Research and Education (CK-CARE)MunichGermany
  4. 4.Department of NeurologyTechnische Universität MünchenMunichGermany
  5. 5.Department of Dermatology, Competence Center PruritusUniversity of MünsterMünsterGermany
  6. 6.Klinik und Poliklinik für Dermatologie und Allergologie am BiedersteinTechnische Universität MünchenMunichGermany

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