Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics

, Volume 67, Issue 2, pp 743–751 | Cite as

Effects of Prenatal and Postnatal Exposure to GSM-Like Radiofrequency on Blood Chemistry and Oxidative Stress in Infant Rabbits, an Experimental Study

  • Elcin Ozgur
  • Gorkem KismaliEmail author
  • Goknur Guler
  • Aytac Akcay
  • Guzin Ozkurt
  • Tevhide Sel
  • Nesrin Seyhan
Original Paper


We aimed to investigate the potential hazardous effects of prenatal and/or postnatal exposure to 1800 MHz GSM-like radiofrequency radiation (RFR) on the blood chemistry and lipid peroxidation levels of infant rabbits. A total of 72 New Zealand female and male white rabbits aged 1-month were used. Thirty-six female and 36 male were divided into four groups which were composed of nine infants: (i) Group 1 were the sham exposure (control), (ii) Group 2 were exposed to RFR, 15 min daily for 7 days in the prenatal period (between 15th and 22nd days of the gestational period) (prenatal exposure group). (iii) Group 3 were exposed to RFR 15 min/day (14 days for male, whereas 7 days for female) after they reached 1-month of age (postnatal exposure group). (iv) Group 4 were exposed to RFR for 15 min daily during 7 days in the prenatal period (between 15th and 22nd days of the gestational period) and 15 min/day (14 days for male, whereas 7 days for female) after they reached 1-month of age (prenatal and postnatal exposure group). Results showed that serum lipid peroxidation level in both female and male rabbits changed due to the RFR exposure. However, different parameters of the blood biochemistry were affected by exposure in male and female infants. Consequently, the whole-body 1800 MHz GSM-like RFR exposure may lead to oxidative stress and changes on some blood chemistry parameters. Studies on RFR exposure during prenatal and postnatal periods will help to establish international standards for the protection of pregnants and newborns from environmental RFR.


Radiofrequency Mobile phone Children Lipid peroxidation Blood chemistry Rabbit 


Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elcin Ozgur
    • 1
  • Gorkem Kismali
    • 2
    Email author
  • Goknur Guler
    • 1
  • Aytac Akcay
    • 3
  • Guzin Ozkurt
    • 4
  • Tevhide Sel
    • 2
  • Nesrin Seyhan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biophysics and Gazi Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection Center, Faculty of MedicineGazi UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineAnkara UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  3. 3.Department of BiometryFaculty of Veterinary Medicine, Erciyes UniversityKayseriTurkey
  4. 4.Department of BiochemistryFaculty of Veterinary Medicine, Harran UniversitySanliurfaTurkey

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