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Altered Expression of Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase After Sciatic Nerve Injury in Rat

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Abstract

Nitric oxide is known to contribute to neuronal damage as well as to peripheral neuronal regeneration following injury. Sciatic nerve injury is a common and serious complication of intramuscular injections. In order to ascertain the role of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the injured sciatic nerve, we studied the expression of this enzyme by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry, in a rat model of sciatic nerve injury. In sham-operated control rats iNOS expression was undetectable by immunohistochemistry and its mRNA level was also very low. In contrast, in the experimental group that was subjected to sciatic nerve injury, both mRNA and protein of iNOS were found to be significantly elevated. The protein level of iNOS, as revealed by positive immunostaining, peaked at 7 days post-surgery followed by a decrease. Similarly, the iNOS mRNA levels remained elevated at 1, 3, 7 days but declined to very low level by day 21, after surgery. This study indicates that the increased expression of iNOS after sciatic nerve injury in rats may contribute to nerve regeneration. Thus our results suggest that excessive expression of iNOS after nerve injury is not conducive to nerve regeneration.

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Acknowledgments

The study is supported by National Scientific Foundation of China (Grant NSFC30901514) and the Shanghai Rising-Star Program (Grant 11QA1408600).

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Correspondence to Chunlin Hou.

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Lin, H., Hou, C. & Chen, D. Altered Expression of Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase After Sciatic Nerve Injury in Rat. Cell Biochem Biophys 61, 261–265 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12013-011-9192-6

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12013-011-9192-6

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