Cardiovascular Toxicology

, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 324–335 | Cite as

Cardiotoxic Electrophysiological Effects of the Herbicide Roundup® in Rat and Rabbit Ventricular Myocardium In Vitro

  • Steeve Gress
  • Sandrine Lemoine
  • Paolo-Emilio PudduEmail author
  • Gilles-Eric Séralini
  • René Rouet


Roundup (R), a glyphosate (G)-based herbicide (GBH), containing unknown adjuvants is widely dispersed around the world. Used principally by farmers, intoxications have increasingly been reported. We have studied R effects (containing 36 % of G) on right ventricular tissues (male Sprague–Dawley rats, up to 20,000 ppm and female New Zealand rabbits, at 25 and 50 ppm), to investigate R cardiac electrophysiological actions in vitro. We tested the reduced Ca++ intracellular uptake mechanism as one potential cause of the electrical abnormalities after GBH superfusion, using the Na+/K+-ATPase inhibitor ouabain or the 1,4-dihydropyridine L-type calcium channel agonist BAY K 8644 which increases I Ca. R concentrations were selected based on human blood ranges found after acute intoxication. The study showed dose-dependent V max, APD50 and APD90 variations during 45 min of R superfusion. At the highest concentrations tested, there was a high incidence of conduction blocks, and 30-min washout with normal Tyrode solution did not restore excitability. We also observed an increased incidence of arrhythmias at different doses of R. Ouabain and BAY K 8644 prevented V max decrease, APD90 increase and the cardiac inexcitability induced by R 50 ppm. Glyphosate alone (18 and 180 ppm) had no significant electrophysiological effects. Thus, the action potential prolonging effect of R pointing to I Ca interference might explain both conduction blocks and proarrhythmia in vitro. These mechanisms may well be causative of QT prolongation, atrioventricular conduction blocks and arrhythmias in man after GBH acute intoxications as reported in retrospective hospital records.


Roundup Glyphosate Action potential duration Conduction blocks Pro-arrhythmia Calcium 



We wish to thank Josefa de Flores Martos Borrego to her technical help for these experiments. We thank also Nature Vivante and CRIIGEN for fellowship grants to Steeve Gress during the development of his Doctoral Thesis to obtain PhD degree in Molecular and Cellular Biology of the University of Caen Basse-Normandie, France.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steeve Gress
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sandrine Lemoine
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Paolo-Emilio Puddu
    • 5
    Email author
  • Gilles-Eric Séralini
    • 1
  • René Rouet
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Biology, Risk Pole, MRSH-CNRS, EA 2608 Estrogen, Reproduction and CancerUniversity of CaenCaen CedexFrance
  2. 2.Institute of Biology, EA 4650 Signalisation, électrophysiologie et imagerie des lésions d’ischémie-reperfusion myocardiqueUniversity of CaenCaen CedexFrance
  3. 3.Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care MedicineUniversity Hospital of CaenCaen CedexFrance
  4. 4.Faculty of MedicineUniversity of CaenCaenFrance
  5. 5.Laboratory of Biotechnologies Applied to Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, Respiratory, Nephrological, Anesthesiological and Geriatric SciencesSapienza University of RomeRomeItaly

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