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The Impact of Fetal Programming in Ewe Nutrition with Chromium Propionate or Calcium Salts of Palm Oil on the Meat Quality and Bone of the Progeny

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the inclusion of chromium propionate or calcium salts of palm oil in ewes’ diet during the final third of gestation and lactation on progeny performance, carcass characteristics, non-carcass components, and bone density. Forty-three ewe, Santa Inês and Dorper breed, three ± one-year-old, and body weight 57 ± 10 kg were used. The experimental design was in casual blocks in three treatments, CTL treatment (n = 15) with starch from corn; CR (n = 15) diet CTL plus chromium propionate; PF (n = 13) diet CTL plus calcium salts of palm oil. After weaning, 23 male lambs from these ewes were confined in individual stalls, with the same diet for 60 days, slaughtered. The data were analyzed using the SAS program, PROC GLM, and compared the means using Tukey’s test at 5% probability. The maternal diet did not alter the dry matter intake, feeding efficiency, and average daily weight gain. Therefore, weights (weaning and slaughter) and carcass yield were higher for CR and PF groups than for CTL (P < 0.05). The treatment did not influence the loin eye area and fat thickness (P > 0.05). The spleen and the respiratory tract were smaller for PF and larger for CTL (P < 0.05). Leg weight was higher for CR. The perimeter and depth of the shank for the CR and PF lambs were higher, indicating an effect of maternal nutrition in this commercial cut. The CR group had a smaller epiphysis measurement and femur length than the CTL group. We concluded that the fetal programming effect in ewes fed with Cr propionate and Ca salts of palm oil benefited the progeny by increasing their body weight, better carcass yield, and a higher proportion of prime cuts.

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Funding

This work was supported by the FAPESP—São Paulo Research Foundation, process number 2017/20555–8, and CAPES for the scholarship.

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Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Contributions

L. Brohcine: investigation, data curation, writing, and resources.

F. F. Santos: investigation, data curation, formal analysis, writing, and resources.

F. M. Moreira: investigation and resources.

A. L. do V. de Zoppa: laboratory analysis.

P. R. Leme: conceptualization, methodology, and data curation.

L. O. Tedeschi: conceptualization, methodology, data curation, writing, and revising.

S. B. Gallo: conceptualization, methodology, formal analysis, investigation, resources data curation, writing, revising, supervision, project administration, and funding acquisition.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Sarita Bonagurio Gallo.

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The authors declare no competing interests.

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Animal investigations were carried out by the Institutional Committee on the Use of Animals (Protocol No CEUA 2700201218).

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The authors declare no competing interests.

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Brochine, L., dos Santos, F.F., Moreira, F.M. et al. The Impact of Fetal Programming in Ewe Nutrition with Chromium Propionate or Calcium Salts of Palm Oil on the Meat Quality and Bone of the Progeny. Biol Trace Elem Res (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12011-022-03344-x

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12011-022-03344-x

Keywords

  • Femur
  • Ruminant
  • Nutrition
  • Lamb
  • Sheep
  • Viscera