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Mineral and Trace Metal Concentrations in Seaweeds by Microwave-Assisted Digestion Method Followed by Quadrupole Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry

  • Suman Thodhal Yoganandham
  • Vasantharaja Raguraman
  • GobalaKrishnan Muniswamy
  • Gayathri Sathyamoorthy
  • Remya Rajan Renuka
  • Jayaseelan Chidambaram
  • Thirugnanasambandam Rajendran
  • Kumar Chandrasekaran
  • Radhika Rajasree Santha Ravindranath
Article

Abstract

This study reports the total concentrations of mineral and trace metals sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, copper, zinc, and manganese in the seaweeds Padina tetrastromatica, Turbinaria ornate, Sargassum wightii, Sargassum swartzii, Gracilaria edulis, Ulva lactuca, Chaetomorpha antennina, and Halimeda opuntia collected from mandapam coastal regions, Southeast coast of India. Microwave-assisted digestion was used for sample preparation prior to mineral and trace metal analysis. Mineral and trace metal analyses were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The ranges of concentrations of mineral and trace metals in algae were 27.04 ± 2.54–194.08 ± 2.36 mg/kg for manganese, 1.88 ± 0.10–121.5 ± 0.70 mg/kg for sodium, 6.5 ± 0.56–90.5 ± 2.12 mg/kg for magnesium, 59.07 ± 0.34–672 ± 2.82 mg/kg for potassium, 13.15 ± 2.08–135.13 ± 1.59 for sulfur, 0.003 ± 0.001–3.44 ± 0.13 mg/kg for cobalt, 0.39 ± 0.19–8.95 ± 0.38 mg/kg for copper, 0.72 ± 0.28–25.72 ± 0.39 mg/kg for zinc, and 6.01 ± 0.27–188.47 ± 1.92 mg/kg for iron.The results were evaluated statistically, and the significant difference was observed in the mean concentrations of all mineral and trace elements, except Co, Cu, and Zn, among the type of seaweeds.

Keywords

Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry Microwave-assisted digestion Seaweeds Mineral Trace metals Multielement 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors are thankful to Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Jeppiaar Nagar, Chennai for providing necessary facilities.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suman Thodhal Yoganandham
    • 1
  • Vasantharaja Raguraman
    • 1
  • GobalaKrishnan Muniswamy
    • 1
  • Gayathri Sathyamoorthy
    • 1
  • Remya Rajan Renuka
    • 1
  • Jayaseelan Chidambaram
    • 1
  • Thirugnanasambandam Rajendran
    • 1
  • Kumar Chandrasekaran
    • 1
  • Radhika Rajasree Santha Ravindranath
    • 1
  1. 1.Ecotoxicology Division, Centre for Ocean Research, Col. Dr. Jeppiar Research ParkSathyabama Institute of Science and TechnologyChennaiIndia

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