Effect of Selenium on the Levels of Cytokines and Trace Elements in Toxin-Mediated Oxidative Stress in Male Rats

Abstract

Selenium is an essential cofactor in the key enzymes involved in cellular antioxidant defense. This study was designed to investigate the protective effects of selenium on mercury chloride (HgCl2)-induced toxicity. Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups of six animals each. The first group was control; the second group was treated with mercuric chloride (HgCl2: 50 mg/kg/bw). The third group was treated with sodium selenite (Se 0.2 mg/kg/bw), and the fourth group received Se (0.2 mg/kg/bw) plus HgCl2 (50 mg/kg for 24 h). The influence of Se on mercury induced levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and zinc, copper, and iron in serum of rats were observed. The serum MDA, SOD, zinc, and iron concentrations were found to be statistically different among the control and toxin-treated group. The serum levels of IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-α were also measured. There was a significant decrease in the levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-10 in toxin-treated group II compared with that of the control group (p < 0.05). A significant increase in the serum levels of inflammatory cytokines IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-10 after administration of Se seemed to counteract some of the damage, as indicated by differences in the serum concentrations of major elements.

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Acknowledgments

This research project was supported by the “Research Center of the Center for Female Scientific and Medical Colleges,” Deanship of Scientific Research, King

, Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

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Correspondence to S. Ansar.

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Ansar, S. Effect of Selenium on the Levels of Cytokines and Trace Elements in Toxin-Mediated Oxidative Stress in Male Rats. Biol Trace Elem Res 169, 129–133 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12011-015-0403-7

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Keywords

  • Selinium
  • Serum
  • Toxicity
  • Trace elements
  • Inflammation
  • Cytokines