Advertisement

Biological Trace Element Research

, Volume 143, Issue 2, pp 1121–1130 | Cite as

Bioavailability and Concentration of Heavy Metals in the Sediments and Leaves of Grey Mangrove, Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh, in Sirik Azini Creek, Iran

  • Hossein Parvaresh
  • Zahra Abedi
  • Parvin Farshchi
  • Mahmood Karami
  • Nematullah Khorasani
  • Abdolreza Karbassi
Article

Abstract

The concentration and bioavailability of Ni, Cu, Cd, Zn, and Pb in the sediments and leaves of grey mangrove, Avicennia marina, were studied throughout Sirik Azini creek (Iran) with a view to determine heavy metals bioavailability, and two methods were used. Results show that Zn and Ni had the highest concentrations in the sediments, while Cd and Cu were found to have the lowest concentrations in the sediments. Compared to the mean concentrations of heavy metals in sedimentary rock (shales), Zn and Cu showed lower concentration, possibly indicating that the origin of these heavy metals is natural. A geo-accumulation index (I geo) was used to determine the degree of contamination in the sediments. I geo values for Zn, Cu, Pb, and Ni showed that there is no pollution from these metals in the study area. As heavy metal concentrations in leaves were higher than the bioavailable fraction of metals in sediments, it follows that bioconcentration factors (leaf/bioavailable sediment) for some metals were higher than 1.

Keywords

Bioavailability Heavy metals Avicennia marina Azini creek Sirik mangrove forest 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Funding support for this project was provided by the Iranian Department of Environment, Hormozgan Office. The authors are grateful to Ghodrat Mirzadeh, Elyas Parvaresh, Nasrin Karimi, Maria Mohammadizadeh, Hasan Mehranpoor, Mostafa Mehranpoor, Asghar Bijani, and David Phillips for their assistance.

References

  1. 1.
    Kathiresan K, Bingham BL (2001) Biology of mangroves and mangrove ecosystems. Adv Mar Biol 40:81–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    English S, Wilkinson C, Baker V (1997) Survey manual for tropical marine resources. Australia Institute of Marine Science, TownsvilleGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Raman DJ, Jonathan MP, Srinivasalu S, Altrin JS, Mohan ASP, Mohan VR (2007) Trace metal enrichments in core sediments in Muthupet mangroves, SE coast of India: application of acid leachable technique. Environ Pollut 145:245–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hogarth PJ (1999) The biology of mangroves. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Walters BB, Ronnback P, Kovacs JM, Crona B, Hussain SA, Badola R, Primavera JH, Barbier E, Dahdouh-Guebas F (2008) Ethnobiology, socio-economics and management of mangrove forests: a review. Aquat Bot 89:220–236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Duke NC (1992) Mangrove floristics and biogeography. In: Robertson AI, Alongi DM (eds) Tropical mangrove ecosystems. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, pp 63–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ball MC (1996) Comparative ecophysiology of mangrove forest and tropical lowland moist forest. In: Mulkey SS, Chazdon RL, Smith AO (eds) Tropical forest plant ecophysiology. Chapman and Hall, New York, pp 461–469CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mackey AP, Hodgkinson M, Nardella R (1992) Nutrient levels and heavy metals in mangrove sediments from the Brisbane River, Australia. Mar Pollut Bull 24(8):418–420CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lacerda LD, Carvalho CEV, Tanizaki KF, Ovallel ARC, Rezende CE (1993) The biogeochemistry and trace metals distribution of mangrove rhizospheres. Biotropica 25:252–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rivail DM, Lamotte M, Donard OFX, Soriano-Sierra EJ, Robert M (1996) Metal contamination in surface sediments of mangroves, lagoons and Southern Bay in Florianopolis Island. Environ Technol 17(10):1035–1046CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lacerda LD (1998) Trace metals biogeochemistry and diffuse pollution in mangrove ecosystems. ISME Mangrove Ecosyst Occas Pap 2:1–61Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Tam NFY, Yao MWY (1998) Normalization and heavy metal contamination in mangrove sediments. Sci Total Environ 216(1–2):33–39Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Harbison P (1986) Mangrove muds—a sink and a source for trace metals. Mar Pollut Bull 17:246–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Tam NFY, Wong YS (1993) Retention of nutrients and heavy metals in mangrove sediments receiving wastewater of different strengths. Environ Technol 14:719–729CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tam NFY, Wong YS (1996) Retention and distribution of heavy metals in mangrove soils receiving wastewater. Environ Pollut 94:283–291PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tam NFY, Wong WS (2000) Spatial variation of heavy metals in surface sediments of Hong Kong mangrove swamps. Environ Pollut 110:195–205PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Silva CAR, Silva APD, Oliveira SRD (2006) Concentration, stock and transport rate of heavy metals in a tropical red mangrove, Natal, Brazil. Mar Chem 99:2–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    McFarlane GR, Koller CE, Blomberg SP (2007) Accumulation and partitioning of heavy metals in mangroves:a synthesis of field-based studies. Chemosphere 69:1454–1464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Silva CAR, Lacerda LD, Rezende CE (1990) Heavy metal reservoirs in a red mangrove forest. Biotropica 22:339–345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    McFarlane GR, Pulkownik A, Burchett MD (2003) Accumulation and distribution of heavy metals in the grey mangrove, Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh: biological indication potential. Environ Pollut 123:139–151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Taghizadeh AR (2007) Environmental management of Sirik mangrove forest. Islamic Azad University, IranGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Defew LH, Mair JM, Guzman HM (2005) An assessment of metal contamination in mangrove sediments and leaves from Punta Mala Bay, Pacific Panama. Mar Pollut Bull 50:547–552PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Machado W, Moscatelli M, Rezende LG, Lacerda LD (2002) Mercury, zinc and copper accumulation in mangrove sediments surrounding a large landfill in southeast Brazil. Environ Pollut 120:455–461PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Vázquez S, Moreno E, Carpena RO (2008) Bioavailability of metals and as from acidified multicontaminated soils: use of white lupin to validate several extraction methods. Environ Geochem Health 30:193–198PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Lacerda LD, Pfeiffer WC, Fiszman M (1987) Heavy metal distribution, availability and fate in Sepetiba Bay, SE Brazil. Sci Total Environ 65:163–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Allen SE (1992) Chemical analysis of ecological materials, 2nd edn. Blackwell Scientific, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Bascomb CL (1964) Rapid method for the determination of cation exchange capacity of calcareous and non-calcareous soils. J Sci Food Agric 15:821–823CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Alloway BJ (1990) Heavy metals in soils. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Davis RD, Carlton-Smith CH (1984) An investigation into the phytotoxicity of Zinc, Copper and Nickel using sewage sludge of controlled metal content. Environ Pollut 8:163–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Wedepohl KH (1995) The composition of the continental crust. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 59:1217–1232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Muller G (1979) Schwermetalle in den sedimentten des Rheins-Veranderugen seit. Umschau 79:778–783Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Baker AJ, Walker PI (1990) Ecophysiology of metal uptake by tolerant plants. In: Shaw AJ (ed) Heavy metal tolerance in plants; evolutionary aspects. CRC Press, Florida, pp 155–178Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Verkleij JAC, Schat H (1990) Mechanisms of metal tolerance in plants. In: Shaw AJ (ed) Heavy metal tolerance in plants-evolutionary aspects. CRC Press, Florida, pp 179–193Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Ernst WHO, Verkleij JAC, Schat H (1992) Metal tolerance in plants. Acta Bot Neerl 41:229–248Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Wen-jiao Z, Xia-yong C, Peng L (1997) Accumulation and biological cycling of heavy metal elements in Rhizophora stylosa mangroves in Yingluo Bay, China. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 159:293–301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Pahalawattaarachchi V, Purushothaman CS, Vennila A (2009) Metal phytoremediation potential of Rhizophora mucronata (Lam.). Indian J Mar Sci 38:178–183Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Sadiq M, Zaidi TH (1994) Sediment composition and metal concentrations in mangrove leaves from the Saudi coast of the Arabian Gulf. Sci Total Environ 155:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Bhosale LJ (1979) Distribution of trace elements in the leaves of mangroves. Indian J Mar Sci 8:58–59Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Siddiqui PJA, Qasim R (1994) Variation in chemical constituents of mangrove foliage Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh. (Avicenniaceae). Pak J Sci Ind Res 37:137–143Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Peng L, Wenjian Z, Zhenji L (1997) Distribution and accumulation of heavy metals in Avicennia marina community in Shenzhen, China. J Environ Sci 9:472–479Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Spain AV, Holt JA (1980) The elemental status of the foliage and branchwood of seven mangrove species from Northern Queensland. Division of Soils divisional report no. 49. CSIRO, MelbourneGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Nazil MF, Hashim NR (2010) Heavy metal concentrations in an important mangrove species, Sonneratia caseolaris, in Peninsular Malaysia. Environment Asia 3:50–55Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Machado W, Silva-Filho EV, Oliveira RR, Lacerda LD (2002) Trace metal retention in mangrove ecosystems in Guanabara Bay. SE Brazil Mar Pollut Bull 44:1277–1280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Saenger P, McConchie D, Clark M (1990) Mangrove forests as a buffer zone between anthropogenically polluted areas and the sea. In: Saenger P (ed.) Proceedings 1990 CZM workshop, Yeppoon, Qld, pp 280–297Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Rao CK, Chinnaraj S, Inamdar SN, Untawale AG (1991) Arsenic content in certain marine brown algae and mangroves from the Goa coast. Indian J Mar Sci 20:283–285Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Tam NFY, Wong YS (1995) Mangrove soils as sinks for wastewaterborne pollutants. Hydrobiologia 296:231–242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Thomas G, Fernandez TV (1997) Incidence of heavy metals in the mangrove flora and sediments in Kerala, India. Hydrobiologia 352:77–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Che RGO (1999) Concentration of 7 heavy metals in sediments and mangrove root samples from Mai Po, Hong Kong. Mar Pollut Bull 39:269–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hossein Parvaresh
    • 1
    • 4
  • Zahra Abedi
    • 1
  • Parvin Farshchi
    • 1
  • Mahmood Karami
    • 2
  • Nematullah Khorasani
    • 2
  • Abdolreza Karbassi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Environment and Energy, Science and Research BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Faculty of Natural ResourcesUniversity of TehranKarajIran
  3. 3.Graduate Faculty of EnvironmentUniversity of TehranTehranIran
  4. 4.Bandar AbbasIran

Personalised recommendations