Estimation of Boron Intake and its Relation with Bone Mineral Density in Free-Living Korean Female Subjects

Abstract

In this study, the status of boron intake was evaluated and its relation with bone mineral density was examined among free-living female subjects in Korea. Boron intake was estimated through the use of the database of boron content in frequently consumed foods by Korean people as well as measuring bone mineral density, taking anthropometric measurements, and surveying dietary intake of 134 adult females in order to relatively evaluate the intake of boron as a nutrient to supplement the low level of calcium intake and to verify its relationship with bone mineral density. Average age, height, and weight of the subjects were respectively 40.84 years, 157.62 cm and 59.70 kg. Also, average bone mineral density of lumbar spine L1–L4 and average bone mineral density of the femoral neck were 0.92 g/cm2 and 0.80 g/cm2, respectively. Their average intakes of energy and boron per day were 6,538.53 kJ and 926.94 μg. Intake of boron through vegetables, fruits, and cereals accounted for 61.72% of the overall boron intake. The food item that contributed most to their daily boron intake was rice. Also, 65.41% of overall boron intake was from 30 varieties of other food items, such as soybean paste, soybeans, red beans, watermelons, oriental melons, pears, Chinese cabbage Kimchi, soybean sprouts and soybean milk, etc. Boron intake did not show significant relation to bone mineral density in lumbar vertebra and femoral region. In summary, the average daily intake of boron was 926.94 μg and did not display significant relation to bone mineral density in 134 free-living female subjects. The continuous evaluation of boron consumption by more diverse targets will need to be conducted in the future.

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Acknowledgments

This work was support by grant No. RO4-2002-000-00032-0 from the Basic Research Program of the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation

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Correspondence to Mi-Kyeong Choi.

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Kim, MH., Bae, YJ., Lee, YS. et al. Estimation of Boron Intake and its Relation with Bone Mineral Density in Free-Living Korean Female Subjects. Biol Trace Elem Res 125, 213–222 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12011-008-8176-x

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Keywords

  • Boron
  • Daily intake
  • Bone mineral density
  • Females