Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology

, Volume 187, Issue 3, pp 817–837 | Cite as

Enhanced Production of Phenolic Compounds in Compact Callus Aggregate Suspension Cultures of Rhodiola imbricata Edgew.

  • Sahil Kapoor
  • Ankita Sharma
  • Pushpender Bhardwaj
  • Hemant SoodEmail author
  • Shweta Saxena
  • Om Prakash Chaurasia


Rhodiola imbricata is a rare medicinal plant of the trans-Himalayan region of Ladakh. It is used for the treatment of numerous health ailments. Compact callus aggregate (CCA) suspension cultures of Rhodiola imbricata were established to counter extinction threats and for production of therapeutically valuable phenolic compounds to meet their increasing industrial demands. The present study also investigated the effect of jasmonic acid (JA) on production of phenolic compounds and bioactivities in CCA suspension cultures. CCA suspension cultures established in an optimized Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with 30 g/l sucrose, 3 mg/l NAA, and 3 mg/l BAP showed maximum biomass accumulation (8.43 g/l DW) and highest salidroside production (3.37 mg/g DW). Upon 100 μM JA treatment, salidroside production (5.25 mg/g DW), total phenolic content (14.69 mg CHA/g DW), total flavonoid content (4.95 mg RE/g DW), and ascorbic acid content (17.93 mg/g DW) were significantly increased in cultures. In addition, DPPH-scavenging activity (56.32%) and total antioxidant capacity (60.45 mg QE/g DW) were significantly enhanced upon JA treatment, and this was positively correlated with increased accumulation of phenolic compounds. JA-elicited cultures exhibited highest antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli. This is the first report describing the enhanced production of phenolic compounds and bioactivities from JA-elicited CCA suspension cultures of Rhodiola imbricata.


Rhodiola imbricata Compact callus aggregate Phenolic compounds Jasmonic acid Antioxidant Antimicrobial 



Ascorbic acid content




Chlorogenic acid


DPPH free radical scavenging activity


Dry weight


Fresh weight


Jasmonic acid


Minimal bactericidal concentration


Minimal inhibitory concentration


1-naphthaleneacetic acid


Plant growth regulators


Quercetin equivalent


Rutin equivalent


Total antioxidant capacity


Total flavonoid content


Total phenolic content



The authors wish to acknowledge Defence Research & Development Organization (DRDO), Ministry of Defence, Government of India, for financial support. Authors also wish to acknowledge Dr. Somen Acharya and Sc. ‘C’ Rajkumar for providing necessary facilities. The authors are also grateful to Rashmi Gupta for reviewing and copy-editing of the manuscript.

Authors’ Contribution

Experimental design, analysis and interpretation of data, and writing of the manuscript: SK, AS, HS, SS and OPC; HPLC analysis: SK and PB; Critical revision of the manuscript: HS.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

12010_2018_2851_MOESM1_ESM.docx (229 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 229 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sahil Kapoor
    • 1
  • Ankita Sharma
    • 1
  • Pushpender Bhardwaj
    • 1
  • Hemant Sood
    • 2
    Email author
  • Shweta Saxena
    • 1
  • Om Prakash Chaurasia
    • 1
  1. 1.Defence Institute of High Altitude Research (DRDO)Leh-LadakhIndia
  2. 2.Department of Biotechnology and BioinformaticsJaypee University of Information TechnologyWaknaghat (Solan)India

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