Xylooligosaccharides Production from Alkali-Pretreated Sugarcane Bagasse Using Xylanases from Thermoascus aurantiacus
- 1.1k Downloads
Sugarcane bagasse hemicellulose was isolated in a one-step chemical extraction using hydrogen peroxide in alkaline media. The polysaccharide containing 80.9% xylose and small amounts of l-arabinose, 4-O-methyl-d-glucuronic acid and glucose, was hydrolyzed by crude enzymatic extracts from Thermoascus aurantiacus at 50 °C. Conditions of enzymatic hydrolysis leading to the best yields of xylose and xylooligosaccharides (DP 2-5) were investigated using substrate concentration in the range 0.5–3.5% (w/v), enzyme load 40–80 U/g of the substrate, and reaction time from 3 to 96 h, applying a 22 factorial design. The maximum conversion to xylooligosaccharides (37.1%) was obtained with 2.6% of substrate and xylanase load of 60 U/g. The predicted maximum yield of xylobiose by a polynomial model was 41.6%. Crude enzymatic extract of T. aurantiacus generate from sugarcane bagasse hemicellulose 39% of xylose, 59% of xylobiose, and 2% of other xylooligosaccharides.
KeywordsXylooligosaccharides Thermoascus aurantiacus Lignocellulose degradation Biomass Optimization Enzyme
The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of Fapesp and CNPq.