Recent Advances in Microbial Raw Starch Degrading Enzymes

Abstract

Raw starch degrading enzymes (RSDE) refer to enzymes that can directly degrade raw starch granules below the gelatinization temperature of starch. These promising enzymes can significantly reduce energy and simplify the process in starch industry. RSDE are ubiquitous and produced by plants, animals, and microorganisms. However, microbial sources are the most preferred one for large-scale production. During the past few decades, RSDE have been studied extensively. This paper reviews the recent development in the production, purification, properties, and application of microbial RSDE. This is the first review on microbial RSDE to date.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. 1.

    Kumar, S., Kumar, P., & Satyanarayana, T. (2007). Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 142, 221–230. doi:10.1007/s12010-007-0011-x.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Robertson, G. H., Wong, D. W. S., Lee, C. C., Wagschal, K., Smith, M. R., & Orts, W. J. (2006). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 54, 353–365. doi:10.1021/jf051883m.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Galvez, A. (2005). Ethanol Producer, 11, 58–60.

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Wong, D. W. S., Batt, S. B., Lee, C. C., & Robertson, G. H. (2004). The Protein Journal, 23, 453–460. doi:10.1007/s10930–004–5221–2.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Ueda, M., Asano, T., Nakazawa, M., Miyatake, K., & Inouye, K. (2008). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B, 150, 125–130. doi:10.1016/j.cbpb.2008.02.003.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Liu, X. D., & Xu, Y. (2008). Bioresource Technology, 99, 4315–4320. doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2007.08.040.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Marlida, Y., Saari, N., Hassan, Z., & Radu, S. (2000). World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology, 16, 573–578. doi:10.1023/A:1008935814516.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Amsal, A., Takigami, M., & Itoh, H. (1999). Food Science and Technology Research, 5, 153–155. doi:10.3136/fstr.5.153.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Hayashida, S., & Flor, P. Q. (1982). Agricultural and Biological Chemistry, 46, 1639–1645.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Hayashida, S., Kuroda, K., Ohta, K., Kuhara, S., Fukuda, K., & Sakaki, Y. (1989). Agricultural and Biological Chemistry, 53, 923–929.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Hayashida, S., Nakahara, K., Kanlayakrit, W., Hara, T., & Teramoto, Y. (1989). Agricultural and Biological Chemistry, 53, 143–149.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Matsubara, T., Ammar, Y. B., Anindyawati, T., Yamamoto, S., Ito, K., Iizuka, M., et al. (2004). Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 37, 422–428.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Okolo, B. N., Ire, F. S., Ezeogu, L., Anyanwu, C. U., & Odibo, F. J. C. (2000). Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 81, 329–336. doi:10.1002/1097-0010(200102)81:3<329::AID-JSFA815>3.0.CO;2-3.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Kurushima, M., Sato, J., & Kitahara, K. (1974). Journal of Agricultural and Chemical Society of Japan, 48, 379–384.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Hayashida, S., & Teramoto, Y. (1986). Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 52, 1068–1073.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Saha, B. C., & Ueda, S. (1983). Agricultural and Biological Chemistry, 47, 2773–2779.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Saha, B. C., & Ueda, S. (1984). Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 19, 341–346. doi:10.1007/BF00253782.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Pothiraj, C., Balaji, P., & Eyini, M. (2006). Mycobiology, 34, 128–130.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Omemu, A. M., Akpan, I., Bankole, M. O., & Teniola, O. D. (2005). African Journal of Biotechnology, 4, 19–25.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Rajoka, M. I., & Yasmeen, A. (2005). World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology, 21, 179–187. doi:10.1007/s11274-004-1766-7.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Abu, E. A., Ado, S. A., & James, D. B. (2005). African Journal of Biotechnology, 4, 785–790.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Hata, Y., Ishida, H., Kojima, Y., Ichikawa, E., Kawato, A., Suginami, K., et al. (1997). Journal of Fermentation and Bioengineering, 84, 532–527. doi:10.1016/S0922-338X(97)81907-1.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Tani, Y., Vongsuvanlert, V., & Kumnuanta, J. (1986). Journal of Fermentation Technology, 64, 405–410. doi:10.1016/0385-6380(86)90027-0.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    Mamo, G., & Gessesse, A. (1999). Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology, 22, 622–626. doi:10.1038/sj.jim.2900676.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    Abe, J., Bergmann, F. W., Obata, K., & Hizukuri, S. (1988). Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 27, 447–450.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    Abe, J., Nakajima, K., Nagano, H., & Hizukuri, S. (1988). Carbohydrate Research, 175, 85–92. doi:10.1016/0008-6215(88)80158-7.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    Mikuni, K., Monma, M., & Kainuma, K. (1987). Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 29, 729–732. doi:10.1002/bit.260290609.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  28. 28.

    Monma, M., Kagi, N., & Kainuma, K. (1989). Starch, 41, 355–357. doi:10.1002/star.19890410908.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  29. 29.

    Monma, M., Yamamoto, Y., Kagei, N., & Kainuma, K. (1989). Starch, 41, 382–385. doi:10.1002/star.19890411005.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  30. 30.

    Mimaki, Y., Kuroda, M., Kameyama, A., Yokosuka, A., Sashida, Y., Quigley, T. A., et al. (1998). Process Biochemistry, 33, 677–681. doi:10.1016/S0032-9592(98)00036-3.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  31. 31.

    Nagasaka, Y., Kurosawa, K., Yokota, A., & Tomita, F. (1998). Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 50, 323–330. doi:10.1007/s002530051299.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  32. 32.

    Itkor, P., Shida, O., Tsukagoshi, N., & Udaka, S. (1989). Agricultural and Biological Chemistry, 53, 53–60.

    Google Scholar 

  33. 33.

    Takao, S., Sasaki, H., Kurosawa, K., Taniida, M., & Kamagata, Y. (1986). Agricultural and Biological Chemistry, 50, 1979–1987.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  34. 34.

    Haska, N., & Ohta, Y. (1994). Starch, 46, 480–485. doi:10.1002/star.19940461207.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  35. 35.

    Sun, H., Ge, X., & Zhang, W. (2006). Biotechnology Letters, 28, 1719–1723. doi:10.1007/s10529-006-9151-2.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  36. 36.

    Sun, H., Ge, X., & Zhang, W. (2007). World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology, 23, 603–613. doi:10.1007/s11274-006-9269-3.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  37. 37.

    Singh, D., Dahiya, J. S., & Nigam, P. (1995). Journal of Basic Microbiology, 35, 117–121. doi:10.1002/jobm.3620350209.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  38. 38.

    Kanlayakrit, W., Ishimatsu, K., Nakao, M., & Hayashida, S. (1987). Journal of Fermentation Technology, 65, 379–385. doi:10.1016/0385-6380(87)90133-6.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  39. 39.

    Saha, B. C., & Ueda, S. (1983). Journal of Fermentation Technology, 61, 67–72.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  40. 40.

    Nishise, H., Fuji, A., Ueno, M., Vongsuvanlert, V., & Tani, Y. (1988). Journal of Fermentation Technology, 66, 397–402. doi:10.1016/0385-6380(88)90005-2.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  41. 41.

    Tani, Y., Fuji, A., & Nishise, H. (1988). Journal of Fermentation Technology, 66, 545–551. doi:10.1016/0385-6380(88)90087-8.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  42. 42.

    Morita, H., Matsunaga, M., Mizuno, K., & Fujio, Y. (1998). The Journal of General and Applied Microbiology, 44, 211–216. doi:10.2323/jgam.44.211.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  43. 43.

    Morita, H., Kouhei, M., Matsunaga, M., & Fujio, Y. (1999). Journal of Applied Glycoscience, 46, 15–21.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  44. 44.

    Wang, L., Ge, X., & Zhang, W. (2007). World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology, 23, 461–465. doi:10.1007/s11274-006-9247-9.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  45. 45.

    Mizokami, K., Kozaki, M., & Kitahara, I. K. (1978). Journal of the Japanese Society of Starch Science, 25, 132–139.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  46. 46.

    Takaya, T., Sugimoto, Y., Fuwa, H., & Wako, K. (1979). Starch, 31, 205–208. doi:10.1002/star.19790310607.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  47. 47.

    Kaneko, T., Ohno, T., & Ohisa, N. (2005). Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry, 69, 1073–1081. doi:10.1271/bbb.69.1073.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  48. 48.

    Primarini, D., & Ohta, Y. (2000). Starch, 52, 28–32. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1521-379X(200001)52:1<28::AID-STAR28>3.0.CO;2-J.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  49. 49.

    Kumar, S., & Satyanarayana, T. (2003). Biotechnology Progress, 19, 936–944. doi:10.1021/bp034012a.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  50. 50.

    Odibo, F. J. C., & Ulbrich-Hofmann, R. (2001). Acta Biotechnologica, 21, 141–153. doi:10.1002/1521-3846(200105)21:2<141::AID-ABIO141>3.0.CO;2-9.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  51. 51.

    Li, H., Chi, Z., Duan, X., Wang, L., Sheng, J., & Wu, L. (2007). Process Biochemistry, 42, 462–465. doi:10.1016/j.procbio.2006.09.012.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  52. 52.

    Lefuji, H., Chino, M., Kato, M., & Lmura, Y. (1996). Journal of Biochemistry, 318, 989–996.

    Google Scholar 

  53. 53.

    Ueda, S., & Saha, B. C. (1983). Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 5, 196–198. doi:10.1016/0141-0229(83)90094-7.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  54. 54.

    Horváthová, V., Slajsová, K., & Sturdik, E. (2004). Biologia, 59, 361–365.

    Google Scholar 

  55. 55.

    Anders, V. N., Carsten, A., Tine, H., & Pedersen, S. (2006). Biocatalysis and Biotransformation, 24, 121–127. doi:10.1080/10242420500519191.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  56. 56.

    Demirkan, E. S., Mikami, B., Adachi, M., Higasa, T., & Utsumi, S. (2005). Process Biochemistry, 40, 2629–2636. doi:10.1016/j.procbio.2004.08.015.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  57. 57.

    Sarikaya, E., Higasa, T., Adachi, M., & Mikami, B. (2000). Process Biochemistry, 35, 711–715. doi:10.1016/S0032-9592(99)00133-8.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  58. 58.

    Taniguchi, H., Odashima, F., Igarashi, M., Maruyama, Y., & Nakamura, M. (1982). Agricultural and Biological Chemistry, 46, 2107–2115.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  59. 59.

    Gawande, B. N., Goel, A., Patkar, A. Y., & Nene, S. N. (1999). Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 51, 504–509. doi:10.1007/s002530051424.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  60. 60.

    Arasaratnam, V., & Balasubramaniam, K. (1992). Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 7, 37–46.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  61. 61.

    Yamamoto, K., Zhang, Z. Z., & Kobayashi, S. (2000). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 48, 962–966. doi:10.1021/jf9905018.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  62. 62.

    Ueda, S., & Marshall, J. J. (1980). Starch, 32, 122–125. doi:10.1002/star.19800320406.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  63. 63.

    Itkor, P., Tsukagoshi, N., & Udaka, S. (1989). Journal of Fermentation and Bioengineering, 68, 247–251. doi:10.1016/0922-338X(89)90024-X.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  64. 64.

    Nidhi, G., Gupta, J. K., & Soni, S. K. (2005). Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 37, 723–734. doi:10.1016/j.enzmictec.2005.04.017.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  65. 65.

    Hamilton, L. M., Kelly, C. T., & Fogarty, W. M. (1999). Biotechnology Letters, 21, 111–115. doi:10.1023/A:1005413816101.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  66. 66.

    Hamilton, L. M., Kelly, C. T., & Fogarty, W. M. (1999). Process Biochemistry, 35, 27–31. doi:10.1016/S0032-9592(99)00028-X.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  67. 67.

    Lin, L., Chyau, C., & Hsu, W. H. (1998). Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry, 28, 61–68.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  68. 68.

    Mamo, G., & Gessesse, A. (1999). Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 25, 433–438. doi:10.1016/S0141-0229(99)00068-X.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  69. 69.

    Kim, J., Nanmori, T., & Shinke, R. (1989). Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 55, 1638–1639.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  70. 70.

    Hayashida, S., Teramoto, Y., & Inoue, T. (1988). Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 54, 1516–1522.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  71. 71.

    Mitsuiki, S., Mukae, K., Sakai, M., Goto, M., Hayashida, S., & Furukawa, K. (2005). Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 37, 410–416. doi:10.1016/j.enzmictec.2005.02.022.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  72. 72.

    Tanaka, T., Ishimoto, E., Shimomura, Y., Taniguchi, M., & Oi, S. (1987). Agricultural and Biological Chemistry, 51, 399–405.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  73. 73.

    Jeang, C. L., Chen, L. S., Chen, M. Y., & Shiau, R. J. (2002). Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 68, 3651–3654. doi:10.1128/AEM.68.7.3651-3654.2002.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  74. 74.

    Ezeji, T. C., & Bahl, H. (2007). World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology, 23, 1311–1315. doi:10.1007/s11274-007-9353-3.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  75. 75.

    Gawande, B. N., & Patkar, A. Y. (2001). Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 22, 735–743. doi:10.1016/S0141-0229(01)00347-7.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  76. 76.

    Vishnu, C., Naveena, B. J., Altaf, M., Venkateshwar, M., & Reddy, G. (2006). Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 38, 545–550. doi:10.1016/j.enzmictec.2005.07.010.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  77. 77.

    Buranakarl, L., Ito, K., Isaki, K., & Takahashi, H. (1988). Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 10, 173–179. doi:10.1016/0141-0229(88)90084-1.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  78. 78.

    Satoh, E., Uchimura, T., Kudo, T., & Komagata, K. (1997). Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 63, 4941–4944.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  79. 79.

    Tae, J. K., Kim, B. C., & Lee, H. S. (1997). Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 20, 506–509. doi:10.1016/S0141-0229(96)00186-X.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  80. 80.

    Okolo, B. N., Ezeogu, L. I., & Mba, C. I. (1995). Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 69, 109–115. doi:10.1002/jsfa.2740690117.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  81. 81.

    Goel, A., & Nene, S. (1995). Biotechnology Letters, 17, 411–416. doi:10.1007/BF00130799.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  82. 82.

    Chiou, S. Y., & Jeang, C. L. (1995). Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry, 22, 377–384.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  83. 83.

    Marlida, Y., Saari, N., Radu, S., & Bakar, F. A. (2000). Biotechnology Letters, 22, 95–97. doi:10.1023/A:1005685118614.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  84. 84.

    Mctigue, M. A., Kelly, C. T., Doyle, E. M., & Fogarty, W. M. (1995). Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 17, 570–573. doi:10.1016/0141-0229(94)00098-C.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  85. 85.

    Hamilton, L. M., Kelly, C. T., & Fogarty, W. M. (1998). Carbohydrate Research, 314, 251–257. doi:10.1016/S0008-6215(98)00300-0.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  86. 86.

    Mai, H. T., Furuyoshi, S., Yamamoto, S., & Yagi, T. (1996). Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry, 60, 1717–1719.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  87. 87.

    Jeang, C. L., Lee, Y. H., & Chang, L. W. (1995). Biochemistry and Molecular Biology International, 35, 549–557.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  88. 88.

    Kelly, C. T., Mctigue, M. A., Doyle, E. M., & Fogarty, W. M. (1995). Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology, 15, 446–448.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  89. 89.

    Shiau, R. J., Hung, H. C., & Jeang, C. L. (2003). Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 69, 2383–2385. doi:10.1128/AEM.69.4.2383-2385.2003.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  90. 90.

    Flor, P. Q., & Hayashida, S. (1983). Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 45, 905–912.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  91. 91.

    Wong, D. W. S., Robertson, G. H., Lee, C. C., & Wagschal, K. (2007). The Protein Journal, 26, 159–164. doi:10.1007/s10930-006-9057-9.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  92. 92.

    Wankhede, D. B., & Ramteke, R. S. (1982). Starch, 34, 309–312. doi:10.1002/star.19820340908.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  93. 93.

    Kaneko, A., Sudo, S., Takaya, S. Y., Tamura, G., Ishikawa, T., & Oba, T. J. (1996). Journal of Fermentation and Bioengineering, 81, 292–298. doi:10.1016/0922-338X(96)80579-4.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  94. 94.

    Le Gal-Coëffet, M. F., Jacks, A. J., Sorimachi, K., Williamson, M. P., Williamson, G., & Archer, D. B. (1995). European Journal of Biochemistry, 233, 561–567. doi:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1995.561_2.x.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  95. 95.

    Goto, M., Semimaru, T., Furukawa, K., & Hayashida, S. (1994). Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 60, 3926–3930.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  96. 96.

    Dalmia, B. K., Schütte, K., & Nikolov, Z. L. (1995). Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 47, 575–584. doi:10.1002/bit.260470510.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  97. 97.

    Hayashida, S., Teramoto, Y., Inoue, T., & Mitsuiki, S. (1990). Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 56, 2584–2586.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  98. 98.

    Ashikari, T., Nakamura, N., Tanaka, Y., Kiuchi, N., ShiBano, Y., Tanaka, T., et al. (1986). Agricultural and biological chemistry, 50, 957–964.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  99. 99.

    Steyn, A. J., Marmur, J., & Pretorius, I. S. (1995). Gene, 166, 65–71. doi:10.1016/0378-1119(95)00633-0.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  100. 100.

    Bui, D. M., Kunze, I., Förster, S., Wartmann, T., Horstmann, C., Manteuffel, R., et al. (1996). Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 44, 610–619. doi:10.1007/BF00172493.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  101. 101.

    Abe, A., Tonozuka, T., Sakano, Y., & Kamitori, S. (2004). Journal of Molecular Biology, 335, 811–822. doi:10.1016/j.jmb.2003.10.078.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  102. 102.

    Bibel, M., Brettl, C., Gosslar, U., Kriegshaeuser, G., & Liebl, W. (1998). FEMS Microbiology Letters, 158, 9–15. doi:10.1111/j.1574-6968.1998.tb12793.x.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  103. 103.

    Machovič, M., & Janeček, Š. (2006). Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, 63, 2710–2724. doi:10.1007/s00018-006-6246-9.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  104. 104.

    Ohdan, K., Kuriki, T., Takata, H., Kaneko, H., & Okada, S. (2000). Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 66, 3058–3064. doi:10.1128/AEM.66.7.3058-3064.2000.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  105. 105.

    Latorre-Garcia, L., Adam, A. C., Manzanares, P., & Polaina, J. (2005). Journal of Biotechnology, 118, 167–176. doi:10.1016/j.jbiotec.2005.03.019.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  106. 106.

    Juge, N., Nohr, J., Le Gal-Coeffet, M. F., Kramhoft, B., Furniss, C. S. M., Planchot, V., et al. (2006). Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1764, 275–284.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  107. 107.

    Matsubara, T., Ammar, Y., Anindyawati, T., Yamamoto, S., Ito, K., Iizuka, M., et al. (2004). Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 37, 429–438.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  108. 108.

    Mikami, B., Adachi, M., Kage, T., Sarikaya, E., Nanmori, T., Shinke, R., et al. (1999). Biochemistry, 38, 7050–7061. doi:10.1021/bi9829377.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  109. 109.

    Kim, C. H., Sata, H., Taniguchi, H., & Maruyama, Y. (1990). Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1048, 223–230.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  110. 110.

    Itkor, P., Tsukagoshi, N., & Udaka, S. (1990). Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 166, 630–636. doi:10.1016/0006-291X(90)90855-H.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  111. 111.

    Lin, L. L., Lo, H. F., Chi, M. C., & Ku, K. L. (2003). Starch, 55, 197–202. doi:10.1002/star.200390038.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  112. 112.

    Hostinová, E., Solovicová, A., Dvorský, R., & Gašperík, J. (2003). Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 411, 189–195. doi:10.1016/S0003-9861(03)00003-1.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  113. 113.

    Ueda, S., & Koba, Y. (1980). Journal of Fermentation Technology, 58, 237–242.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  114. 114.

    Haska, N., & Ohta, Y. (1993). Starch, 45, 241–244. doi:10.1002/star.19930450707.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  115. 115.

    Hoshino, K., Taniguchi, M., & Marumoto, H. (1989). Agricultural and Biological Chemistry, 53, 1961–1967.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  116. 116.

    Koba, Y., Feroza, B., Yusaku, F., & Ueda, S. (1986). Journal of Fermentation Technology, 64, 175–178. doi:10.1016/0385-6380(86)90013-0.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  117. 117.

    Saha, B. C., & Ueda, S. (1983). Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 25, 1181–1186. doi:10.1002/bit.260250425.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  118. 118.

    Fujio, Y., Suyanadona, P., Attasampunna, P., & Ueda, S. (1984). Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 26, 315–319. doi:10.1002/bit.260260404.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  119. 119.

    Fujio, Y., Ogata, M., & Ueda, S. (1985). Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 27, 1270–1273. doi:10.1002/bit.260270823.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  120. 120.

    Thammarutwasik, P., Koba, Y., & Ueda, S. (1986). Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 28, 1122–1125. doi:10.1002/bit.260280725.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  121. 121.

    Ueda, S., Zenin, C. T., Monteiro, D. A., & Park, Y. K. (1981). Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 23, 291–299. doi:10.1002/bit.260230205.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  122. 122.

    Junya, N., Nakahara, S., Fukuda, H., & Kondo, A. (2004). Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, 97, 423–425.

    Google Scholar 

  123. 123.

    Tateno, T., Fukuda, H., & Kondo, A. (2007). Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 77, 533–541. doi:10.1007/s00253-007-1191-6.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  124. 124.

    Kim, T. J., Kim, B. C., & Lee, H. S. (1997). Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 20, 506–509. doi:10.1016/S0141-0229(96)00186-X.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  125. 125.

    Shafiee, R., Nahvi, I., & Emtiazi, G. (2005). The Journal of Biological Sciences, 5, 717–723.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by Chinese 863 Project (no. 2007AA021307) and the Institute Fund of Institute of Tropical Bioscience and Biotechnology in Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences (no. ITBBZX0842).

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Ming Peng.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Sun, H., Zhao, P., Ge, X. et al. Recent Advances in Microbial Raw Starch Degrading Enzymes. Appl Biochem Biotechnol 160, 988–1003 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12010-009-8579-y

Download citation

Keywords

  • Raw starch degrading enzymes
  • Production
  • Purification
  • Properties
  • Application