Advertisement

BikeShake: the design of an indoor simulator dedicated to motorcycle ride testing as an interactive project

  • D. ChindamoEmail author
  • M. Gadola
  • D. Armellin
  • F. P. Marchesin
Technical Paper

Abstract

A servo-hydraulic road simulator test rig (aka four-poster) can play a key role in testing and development of road vehicles. Its use for durability testing, NVH analysis, suspension setup optimization etc. is widespread. Engineers often make use of four-poster testing to validate their dynamic simulation models as well. The use of a so-called four poster is normally restricted to four-wheeled vehicles, typically passenger cars and light commercial vehicles. Motorbikes might also require similar R&D activities, even more so now that the market appears to be interested in electronically adjustable and semi-active suspension systems, especially for adventure/touring bikes; however, there are not many specific rigs around. This work proposes a method to retrofit a four-poster into a two-poster dedicated to motorbikes by means of a simple auxiliary structure: the so-called BikeShake. A case study has been reported at the end of the paper to validate the project.

Keywords

Motorcycle testing Motorcycle vertical dynamics Indoor testing Four-poster Two-poster Road reproduction 

References

  1. 1.
    Spickenreuther, M., Bersiner, F., Fricke, E.: Realistic driving experience of new vehicle concepts on the BMW ride simulator, SAE Technical Paper, 7th International Styrian Noise, Vibration and Harshness Congress: The European Automotive Noise Conference, SNVH 2012; Graz; Austria; 13 June 2012 through 15 June 2012; Code 92226.  https://doi.org/10.4271/2012-01-1548 (2012)
  2. 2.
    Wang, B., Guo, X., Li, M., Yang, B., Xu, Z.: Road simulation algorithm based on iterative learning control. Quiche Gongcheng/Automot. Eng. 32(8), 686–689 (2010)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Marchesin, F.P., Barbosa, R.S., Alves, M.A.L., Gadola, M., Chindamo, D., Benini, C.: Upright mounted pushrod: The effects on racecar handling dynamics. The Dynamics of Vehicles on Roads and Tracks—Proceedings of the 24th Symposium of the International Association for Vehicle System Dynamics, IAVSD 2015, Graz, Austria, 17 August 2015 through 21 August 2015; Code 168719, pp. 543–552 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jayasurya, H.P.W., Sangpradit, K.: Dynamic performance and ride comfort evaluation of the seat suspension system in a small agricultural tractor to attenuate low-frequency vibration transmission. Agric. Eng. Int. CIGR J. 16(1), 207–216 (2014)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Uberti, S., Gadola, M., Chindamo, D., Romano, M., Galli, F.: Design of a double wishbone front suspension for an orchard-vineyard tractor: kinematic analysis. J. Terramech. 57, 23–39 (2015).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jterra.2014.11.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kharul, R., Balakrishnan, S., Karedla, D., You, S.S.: Virtual testing and correlation for a motorcycle design. SAE Int. J. Mater. Manuf. 3(1), 541–549 (2010).  https://doi.org/10.4271/2010-01-0925 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Uberti, S., Gadola, M.: Design of a new high-end street bike. 11th International Design Conference, DESIGN 2010; Dubrovnik; Croatia; 17 May 2010 through 20. Code 89490, pp. 1741–1752 (2010)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tuluie, R., Ericksen, G.S.: Racing motorcycle design process using physical and virtual testing methods. SAE Technical Paper, Motorsports Engineering Conference and Exposition; Dearborn, MI; United States; 13 November 2000 through 16 November 2000; Code 90143. (2000).  https://doi.org/10.4271/2000-01-3576
  9. 9.
    Sequenzia, G., Fatuzzo, G., Olivieri, S.M., Barbagallo, R.: Interactive re-design of a novel variable geometry bicycle saddle to prevent neurological pathologies. Int. J. Interact. Des. Manuf. (IJIDeM) 10, 165–175 (2016).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12008-015-0293-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Di Gironimo, G., Franciosa, P., Gerbino, S.: A RE-CAE methodology for re-designing free shape objects interactively. Int. J. Interact. Des. Manuf. (IJIDeM) 3, 273–283 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Fischer, X., Coutellier, D.: Research in interactive design. In: Proceedings of Virtual Concept 2005. Springer Science & Business Media (2006)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Dupé, V., Briand, R.: Interactive method for autonomous microsystem design. Int. J. Interact. Des. Manuf. (IJIDeM) 4, 35–50 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Di Gironimo, G., Labate, C.V., Renno, F., Siuko, M., Lanzotti, A., Crisanti, F.: An interactive design approach for nuclear fusion purposes. Int. J. Interact. Des. Manuf. (IJIDeM) 8, 55–65 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Barone, S., Casinelli, M., Frascaria, M., Paoli, A., Razionale, A.V.: Interactive design of dental implantplacements through CAD-CAM technologies: from 3D imaging to additive manufacturing. Int. J. Interact. Des. Manuf. (IJIDeM) 10(2), 1–13 (2014)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lanzotti, A.: Robust design for car packaging for virtual environment. Int. J. Interact. Des. Manuf. (IJIDeM) 3, 65–79 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Carfagni, M., Governi, L., Volpe, Y.: Comfort assessment of motorcycle saddles: a methodology based on virtual prototypes. Int. J. Interact. Des. Manuf. (IJIDeM) 1, 155–167 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Chindamo, D., Economou, J.T., Gadola, M., Knowles, K.: A neurofuzzy-controlled power management strategy for a series hybrid electric vehicle. Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part D: J. Automob. Eng. 228(9), 1034–1050 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Chindamo, D., Gadola, M.: Reproduction of real-world road profiles on a four-poster rig for indoor vehicle chassis and suspension durability testing. Adv. Mech. Eng. Article in Press (2017).  https://doi.org/10.1177/1687814017726004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Borboni, A., Lancini, M.: Commanded motion optimization to reduce residual vibration. J. Vib. Acoust. 167 (3). https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4029575 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Benini, C., Gadola, M., Chindamo, D., Uberti, S., Marchesin, F.P., Barbosa, R.S.: The influence of suspension components friction on race car vertical dynamics. Veh. Syst. Dyn. 55(3), 338–350 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering (DIMI), Automotive GroupUniversity of BresciaBresciaItaly
  2. 2.Departamento de Eng. MecanicaUniversidade de Sao Paulo Escola PolitecnicaSao PauloBrazil

Personalised recommendations