Advertisement

Electrophoretically deposited graphene oxide–polymer bilayer coating on Cu-Ni alloy with enhanced corrosion resistance in simulated chloride environment

  • 111 Accesses

  • 1 Citations

Abstract

An environmentally benign and facile bilayer coating comprised of graphene oxide (GO) and acrylic polymer is fabricated over cupronickel sample using electrophoretic deposition followed by dip coating. The infrared, Raman, and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) studies of the bilayer coating confirm the noncovalent functionalization of GO through H-bonding with acrylic polymer, reduction in local defects in GO structure, and distorted spherical void peripheries of polymer coating, respectively. The FESEM cross-sectional analysis showed that the coating thickness is 5–6 µm. The bilayer-coated sample showed a three- to fourfold increase in the corrosion resistance, as compared to GO-alone-coated sample in 3.5% (w/v) NaCl electrolyte, which is attributed to the reduction in the local defects in GO coating and the galvanic coupling between the GO and sample surface. The GO sheets make the diffusion pathway of corrosive media more tortuous for corrosive ions to reach the metal surface. The lower anodic current density observed with the new bilayer coating after 30 days of exposure confirms the active corrosion protection. The coating was intact and stable after 30 days of exposure in chloride medium with a water uptake of about 32.7%.

Graphical abstract

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Access options

Buy single article

Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.

US$ 39.95

Price includes VAT for USA

Subscribe to journal

Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.

US$ 99

This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12
Fig. 13
Fig. 14

References

  1. 1.

    Tang, J, Yao, W, Li, W, Xu, J, Jin, L, Zhang, J, Xu, Z, “Study on a novel composite coating based on PDMS doped with modified graphene oxide.” J. Coat. Technol. Res., 15 (2) 375–383 (2018)

  2. 2.

    Luo, J, Wang, J, Wen, S, Yu, D, Wu, Y, Sun, K, “Improved corrosion resistance based on APTES-grafted reduced sulfonated graphene/waterborne polyurethane coatings.” J. Coat. Technol. Res., 15 (5) 1107–1115 (2018)

  3. 3.

    Romani, EC, Nardecchia, S, Vilani, C, Qi, S, Dong, H, Freire, FL, “Synthesis and characterization of polyurethane/reduced graphene oxide composite deposited on steel.” J. Coat. Technol. Res., 15 (6) 1371–1377 (2018)

  4. 4.

    Cavas, L, Yildiz, PG, Mimigianni, P, Sapalidis, A, Nitodas, S, “Reinforcement effects of multiwall carbon nanotubes and graphene oxide on PDMS marine coatings.” J. Coat. Technol. Res., 15 (1) 105–120 (2018)

  5. 5.

    Pourhashem, S, Vaezi, MR, Rashidi, A, Bagherzadeh, MR, “Exploring corrosion protection properties of solvent-based epoxy-graphene oxide nanocomposite coatings on mild steel.” Corros. Sci., 115 78–92 (2017)

  6. 6.

    Schriver, M, Regan, W, Gannett, WJ, Zaniewski, AM, Crommie, MF, Zettl, A, “Graphene as a long-term metal oxidation barrier: worse than nothing.” ACS Nano, 7 (7) 5763–5768 (2013)

  7. 7.

    Sun, W, Wang, L, Wu, T, Pan, Y, Liu, G, “Synthesis of low-electrical-conductivity graphene/pernigraniline composites and their application in corrosion protection.” Carbon, 79 605–614 (2014)

  8. 8.

    Monetta, T, Acquesta, A, Carangelo, A, Bellucci, F, “Considering the effect of graphene loading in water-based epoxy coatings.” J. Coat. Technol. Res., 15 (5) 923–931 (2018)

  9. 9.

    Xiao, YK, Ji, WF, Chang, KS, Hsu, KT, Yeh, JM, Liu, WR, “Sandwich-structured rGO/PVDF/PU multilayer coatings for anti-corrosion application.” RSC Adv., 7 (54) 33829–33836 (2017)

  10. 10.

    Zhu, YX, Duan, CY, Liu, HY, Chen, YF, Wang, Y, “Graphene coating for anti-corrosion and the investigation of failure mechanism.” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys., 50 (11) 114001–114008 (2017)

  11. 11.

    Murray, JW, Rance, GA, Xu, F, Hussain, T, “Alumina-graphene nanocomposite coatings fabricated by suspension high velocity oxy-fuel thermal spraying for ultra-low-wear.” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 38 (4) 1819–1828 (2018)

  12. 12.

    Mukherjee, B, Rahman, OA, Islam, A, Sribalaji, M, Keshri, AK, “Plasma sprayed carbon nanotube and graphene nanoplatelets reinforced alumina hybrid composite coating with outstanding toughness.” J. Alloys Compd., 727 658–670 (2017)

  13. 13.

    Deng, JH, Zheng, RT, Zhao, Y, Cheng, GA, “Vapor–solid growth of few-layer graphene using radio frequency sputtering deposition and its application on field emission.” ACS Nano, 6 (5) 3727–3733 (2012)

  14. 14.

    Liu, J, Hua, L, Li, S, Yu, M, “Graphene dip coatings: An effective anticorrosion barrier on aluminum.” Appl. Surf. Sci., 327 241–245 (2015)

  15. 15.

    Nguyen, TD, Tran, BA, Vu, KO, Nguyen, AS, Trinh, AT, Pham, GV, To, TXH, Phan, MV, Phan, TT, “Corrosion protection of carbon steel using hydrotalcite/graphene oxide nanohybrid.” J. Coat. Technol. Res., 16 (2) 585–595 (2019)

  16. 16.

    Pham, VH, Cuong, TV, Hur, SH, Shin, EW, Kim, JS, Chung, JS, Kim, EJ, “Fast and simple fabrication of a large transparent chemically-converted graphene film by spray-coating.” Carbon, 48 (7) 1945–1951 (2010)

  17. 17.

    Kumari, S, Panigrahi, A, Singh, SK, Pradhan, SK, “Enhanced corrosion resistance and mechanical properties of nanostructured graphene-polymer composite coating on copper by electrophoretic deposition.” J. Coat. Technol. Res., 15 (3) 583–592 (2018)

  18. 18.

    Powell, CA, Marine applications of copper-nickel alloys, section 1: copper-nickel alloys-resistance to corrosion and biofouling, Tech. Rep., Copper Development Association, Potters Bar, UK, 1998

  19. 19.

    Mansfeld, F, Little, B, “Microbiologically influenced corrosion of copper-based materials exposed to natural seawater.” Electrochim. Acta, 37 (12) 2291–2297 (1992)

  20. 20.

    Todd, B, Lovett PA, Marine engineering practice: selecting materials for seawater systems, Tech. Rep., Institute of Marine Engineers, London, UK, 1976

  21. 21.

    Omar, IH, Zucchi, F, Trabanelli, G, “Schiff bases as corrosion inhibitors of copper and its alloys in acid media.” Surf. Coat. Technol., 29 (2) 141–151 (1986)

  22. 22.

    Badawy, WA, Ismail, KM, Fathi, AM, “Corrosion control of Cu–Ni alloys in neutral chloride solutions by amino acids.” Electrochim. Acta, 51 (20) 4182–4189 (2006)

  23. 23.

    Sutter, EMM, Ammeloot, F, Pouet, MJ, Fiaud, C, Couffignal, R, “Heterocyclic compounds used as corrosion inhibitors: correlation between 13C and 1H NMR spectroscopy and inhibition efficiency.” Corros. Sci., 41 (1) 105–115 (1999)

  24. 24.

    Boyapati, VAR, Kanukula, CK, Corrosion inhibition of Cu-Ni (90/10) alloy in seawater and sulfide-polluted seawater environments by 1, 2, 3-Benzotriazole. ISRN Corrosion 2013, 2013

  25. 25.

    Benmessaoud, M, Es-Salah, K, Hajjaji, N, Takenouti, H, Srhiri, A, Ebentouhami, M, “Inhibiting effect of 2-mercaptobenzimidazole on the corrosion of Cu–30 Ni alloy in aerated 3% NaCl in presence of ammonia.” Corros. Sci., 49 (10) 3880–3888 (2007)

  26. 26.

    Jena, G, Vanithakumari, SC, Thinaharan, C, George, RP, Mudali, UK, “Anodic electrophoretic deposition of graphene oxide on 316L stainless steel with pH-dependent microstructures.” J. Bio. Tribo. Corros., 4 (2) 20 (2018)

  27. 27.

    Aziz, A, Asib, NAM, Afaah, AN, Mohamed, R, Rusop, M, Khusaimi, Z, “UV-Vis and Raman characterization multilayer of PMMA films spin coated onto substrate by sol-gel spin-coating method.” Adv. Mater. Res., 1109 613–616 (2015)

  28. 28.

    Thomas, K, Sheeba, KJ, Nampoori, M, Vallabhan, VPN, Radhakrishnan, CPG, “Raman spectra of polymethyl methacrylate optical fibres excited by a 532 nm diode pumped solid state laser.” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt., 10 (5) 055303 (2008)

  29. 29.

    Willis, HA, Zichy, VJI, Hendra, PJ, “The laser-Raman and infra-red spectra of poly (methyl methacrylate).” Polymer, 10 737–746 (1969)

  30. 30.

    Manna, AK, Pati, SK, “Tuning the electronic structure of graphene by molecular charge transfer: a computational study.” Chem. Asian J., 4 (6) 855–860 (2009)

  31. 31.

    Layek, RK, Nandi, AK, “A review on synthesis and properties of polymer functionalized graphene.” Polymer, 54 (19) 5087–5103 (2013)

  32. 32.

    Qi, K, Sun, Y, Duan, H, Guo, X, “A corrosion-protective coating based on a solution-processable polymer-grafted graphene oxide nanocomposite.” Corros. Sci., 98 500–506 (2015)

  33. 33.

    Cui, L, Ding, Y, Li, X, Wang, Z, Han, Y, “Solvent and polymer concentration effects on the surface morphology evolution of immiscible polystyrene/poly (methyl methacrylate) blends.” Thin Solid Films, 515 (4) 2038–2048 (2006)

  34. 34.

    Wang, Y, Liao, X, Luo, Y, Yang, Q, Li, G, “Influence of surface-functionalized graphene oxide on the cell morphology of poly (methyl methacrylate) composite.” J. Mater. Sci. Technol., 31 (5) 463–466 (2015)

  35. 35.

    Aneja, KS, Böhm, HM, Khanna, AS, Böhm, S, “Functionalised graphene as a barrier against corrosion.” Flat Chem., 1 11–19 (2017)

  36. 36.

    Hirschorn, B, Orazem, ME, Tribollet, B, Vivier, V, Frateur, I, Musiani, M, “Determination of effective capacitance and film thickness from constant-phase-element parameters.” Electrochim. Acta, 55 (21) 6218–6227 (2010)

  37. 37.

    Jin, W, Hao, Q, Peng, X, Chu, PK, “Enhanced corrosion resistance and biocompatibility of PMMA-coated ZK60 magnesium alloy.” Mater. Lett., 173 178–181 (2016)

  38. 38.

    Perez, C, Collazo, A, Izquierdo, M, Merino, P, Novoa, XR, “Characterisation of the barrier properties of different paint systems: part I experimental set-up and ideal Fickian diffusion.” Prog. Org. Coat., 36 (1–2) 102–108 (1999)

  39. 39.

    Mahdavian, MMAM, Attar, MM, “Another approach in analysis of paint coatings with EIS measurement: phase angle at high frequencies.” Corros. Sci., 48 (12) 4152–4157 (2006)

  40. 40.

    Cui, C, Lim, ATO, Huang, J, “A cautionary note on graphene anti-corrosion coatings.” Nat. Nanotechnol., 12 (9) 834–835 (2017)

  41. 41.

    Yuan, SJ, Pehkonen, SO, “Surface characterization and corrosion behavior of 70/30 Cu–Ni alloy in pristine and sulfide-containing simulated seawater.” Corros. Sci., 49 (3) 1276–1304 (2007)

  42. 42.

    Kear, G, Barker, BD, Stokes, K, Walsh, FC, “Electrochemical corrosion behavior of 90—10 Cu—Ni alloy in chloride-based electrolytes.” J. Appl. Electrochem., 34 (7) 659–669 (2004)

  43. 43.

    Arunchandran, C, Ramya, S, George, RP, Mudali, UK, “Self-healing corrosion resistive coatings based on inhibitor loaded TiO2 nanocontainers.” J. Electrochem. Soc., 159 (11) C552–C559 (2012)

  44. 44.

    Lacombre, CV, Bouvet, G, Trinh, D, Mallarino, S, Touzain, S, “Water uptake in free films and coatings using the Brasher and Kingsbury equation: a possible explanation of the different values obtained by electrochemical Impedance spectroscopy and gravimetry.” Electrochim. Acta, 231 162–170 (2017)

  45. 45.

    Brasher, DM, Kingsbury, AH, “Electrical measurements in the study of immersed paint coatings on metal. I. Comparison between capacitance and gravimetric methods of estimating water uptake.” J. Appl. Chem., 4 (2) 62–72 (1954)

  46. 46.

    Bellucci, F, Nicodemo, L, “Water transport in organic coatings.” Corrosion, 49 (3) 235–247 (1993)

  47. 47.

    Babouri, L, Belmokre, K, Kabir, A, Abdelouas, A, El-Mendili, Y, “Structural and electrochemical study of binary copper alloys corrosion in 3% NaCl solution.” J. Chem. Pharm. Res., 7 (4) 1175–1186 (2015)

  48. 48.

    Yu, T, Zhao, X, Shen, ZX, Wu, YH, Su, WH, “Investigation of individual CuO nanorods by polarized micro-Raman scattering.” J. Cryst. Growth, 268 (3–4) 590–595 (2004)

  49. 49.

    Mironova-Ulmane, N, Kuzmin, A, Steins, I, Grabis, J, Sildos, I, Pars, M, “Raman scattering in nanosized nickel oxide NiO.” J. Phys Conf. Ser., 93 (1) 012039 (2007)

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to the director, IGCAR, for his encouragement and Shri. C. Thinaharan, MMG, for XPS analysis. Ms. Geetisubhra Jena expresses her gratitude to DAE for providing fellowship to carry out this study.

Author information

Correspondence to R. P. George.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Jena, G., Vanithakumari, S.C., Polaki, S.R. et al. Electrophoretically deposited graphene oxide–polymer bilayer coating on Cu-Ni alloy with enhanced corrosion resistance in simulated chloride environment. J Coat Technol Res 16, 1317–1335 (2019) doi:10.1007/s11998-019-00213-6

Download citation

Keywords

  • Graphene oxide
  • Polymer coating
  • EIS
  • Polarization
  • Corrosion resistance