Advertisement

Journal of Coatings Technology and Research

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 491–498 | Cite as

Heat dissipation on electrical conductor composites by combination of carbon nanotubes and graphene nanoplatelets

  • S. G. ProlongoEmail author
  • O. Redondo
  • M. Campo
  • A. Ureña
Article
  • 131 Downloads

Abstract

This work analyzes the electrical heating by Joule’s effect of epoxy resins doped with carbon nanotubes (CNTs), graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs) or a combination of both. The main objective is to obtain heat-dissipating materials with relatively high electrical conductivity for future applications in smart electrical and electronic devices. In addition, a thermal and mechanical characterization of the composites is carried out in order to study the combined effect of CNT and GNP. Different nanocomposites were manufactured by a three-roll mill process, as the dispersion technique. A thermal infrared camera was used to acquire the temperature’s increment due to Joule’s heating. CNT addition induces an important increase in electrical conductivity, which has associated an important heating. The combined addition of both nanofillers, GNP and CNT, scarcely modifies the electrical conductivity, but it induces an important increase in thermal conductivity of the composites. This helps lead to a more homogeneous heating and therefore a more efficient heat dissipation.

Keywords

Graphene Carbon nanotube Thermoelectrical material Heat dissipation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad of Spain Government, through the research project MAT2016-78825-C2-1-R and the Ph.D. Grant of O. Redondo MAT2013-46695-C3-1-R.

References

  1. 1.
    Paszkiewicz, S, Szymczyk, A, Sui, XM, Wagner, HD, Linares, A, Ezquerra, TA, Rosłaniec, Z, “Synergetic Effect of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (SWCNT) and Graphene Nanoplatelets (GNP) in Electrically Conductive PTT-Block-PTMO Hybrid Nanocomposites Prepared by In Situ Polymerization.” Compos. Sci. Technol., 118 72–77 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Poutrel, QA, Wang, Z, Wang, D, Soutis, C, Gresil, M, “Effect of Pre and Post-dispersion on Electro-Thermo-Mechanical Properties of a Graphene Enhanced Epoxy.” Appl. Compos. Mater., 24 313–336 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Moisala, A, Li, Q, Kinloch, IA, Windle, AH, “Thermal and Electrical Conductivity of Single- and Multi-walled Carbon Nanotube-Epoxy Composites.” Compos. Sci. Technol., 66 1285–1288 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Tsekmes, IA, Kochetov, R, Morshuis, PHF, Smit, JJ, “Thermal Conductivity of Polymeric Composites: A Review.” In: IEEE International Conference on Solid Dielectrics, Bologna, Italy (2013)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Li, Q, Gui, Y, Mu, Q, Ran, Q, Liu, H, “Effect of Composite Surface Treatment on Heat Dissipation of LEDs.” Mater. Des., 89 (5) 597–603 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kim, D, Lee, J, Kim, J, Choi, CH, Chung, W, “Enhancement of Heat Dissipation of LED Module with Cupric-Oxide Composite Coating on Aluminum-Alloy Heat Sink.” Energy Convers. Manag., 106 958–963 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zhao, B, Wang, S, Zhao, C, Li, R, Hamidinejad, SM, Kazemi, Y, Park, CB, “Synergism Between Carbon Materials and Ni Chains in Flexible Poly(Vinylidene Fluoride) Composite Films with High Heat Dissipation to Improve Electromagnetic Shielding Properties.” Carbon, 127 469–478 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Park, JS, An, YJ, Shin, K, Han, JH, Lee, CS, “Enhanced Thermal Conductivity of Epoxy/Three-Dimensional Carbon Hybrid Filler Composites for Effective Heat Dissipation.” RSC Adv., 5 46989–46996 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Rybiński, P, Anyszka, R, Imiela, M, Siciński, M, Gozdek, T, “Effect of Modified Graphene and Carbon Nanotubes on the Thermal Properties and Flammability of Elastomeric Materials.” J. Therm. Anal. Calorim., 127 2383–2396 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Moriche, R, Prolongo, SG, Sánchez, M, Jiménez-Suárez, A, Chamizo, FJ, Ureña, A, “Thermal Conductivity and Lap Shear Strength of GNP/Epoxy Nanocomposites Adhesives.” Int. J. Adhes., 68 407–410 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Cecen, V, Thomann, R, Mülhaupt, R, Friedrich, C, “Thermal Conductivity, Morphology and Mechanical Properties for Thermally Reduced Graphite Oxide-Filled Ethylene Vinylacetate Copolymers.” Polymer, 132 294–305 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Nomura, T, Tabuchi, K, Zhu, C, Sheng, N, Wang, S, Akiyama, T, “High Thermal Conductivity Phase Change Composite with Percolating Carbon Fiber Network.” Appl. Energy, 154 678–685 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bauhofer, W, Kovacs, JZ, “A Review and Analysis of Electrical Percolation in Carbon Nanotube Polymer Composites.” Compos. Sci. Technol., 69 1486–1498 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Burger, N, Laachachi, A, Ferriol, M, Lutz, M, Toniazzo, V, Rucha, D, “Review of Thermal Conductivity in Composites: Mechanisms, Parameters and Theory.” Prog. Polym. Sci., 61 1–28 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Moriche, R, Prolongo, SG, Sánchez, M, Jiménez-Suárez, A, Sayagués, MJ, Ureña, A, “Morphological Changes on Graphene Nanoplatelets Induced During Dispersion into an Epoxy Resin by Different Methods.” Compos. Part B Eng., 72 199–205 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Prolongo, SG, Moriche, R, Sánchez, M, Ureña, A, “Self-Stratifying and Orientation of Exfoliated Few-Layer Graphene Nanoplatelets in Epoxy Composites.” Compos. Sci. Technol., 85 136–141 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hu, H, Wang, X, Wang, J, Wan, L, Liu, F, Zheng, H, Chen, R, Xu, C, “Preparation and Properties of Graphene Nanosheets–Polystyrene Nanocomposites Via In Situ Emulsion Polymerization.” Chem. Phys. Lett., 484 247–253 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Quan, H, Zhang, B-Q, Zhao, Q, Yuen, RKK, Li, RKY, “Facile Preparation and Thermal Degradation Studies of Graphite Nanoplatelets (GNPs) Filled Thermoplastic Polyurethane (TPU) Nanocomposites.” Compos. Part A Appl. Sci. Manuf., 40 1506–1513 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Miyagawa, H, Drzal, LT, “Thermo-Physical and Impact Properties of Epoxy Nanocomposites Reinforced by Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes.” Polymer, 45 5163–5170 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Moisala, A, Li, Q, Kinloch, IA, Windle, AH, “Thermal and Electrical Conductivity of Single- and Multi-walled Carbon Nanotube-Epoxy Composites.” Compos. Sci. Technol., 66 1285–1288 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© American Coatings Association 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. G. Prolongo
    • 1
    Email author
  • O. Redondo
    • 1
  • M. Campo
    • 1
  • A. Ureña
    • 1
  1. 1.Material Science and Engineering Area, ESCETUniversity Rey Juan CarlosMóstolesSpain

Personalised recommendations