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Controlled fertilizer release via tunable poly(vinyl alcohol)/ammonium sulfate-coated nonwoven materials

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Abstract

In this study, nonwoven fabrics were coated with two different ammonium sulfate fertilizer loadings (27.75% and 55.50%) by using two different poly(vinyl alcohol) types (high and low molecular weight). The poly(vinyl alcohol) coating amounts were adjusted to 60 and 120 g/m2. In order to study the effect of poly(vinyl alcohol) crosslinking on fertilizer release, a glutaraldehyde (GA) crosslinking agent was used in two different ratios (GA/PVOH ratio: 0.01 or 1). A concentration of 0.01 GA was insufficient for PVOH crosslinking, and water absorption capacity was reduced with increasing poly(vinyl alcohol) and glutaraldehyde loading amount. Fertilizer release was affected mostly by molecular weight and loading amounts of poly(vinyl alcohol) and fertilizer. It was possible to achieve controlled fertilizer release when the nonwoven fabric was coated at 120 g/m2 with high molecular weight poly(vinyl alcohol) containing 55.50% ammonium sulfate fertilizer in the absence of glutaraldehyde.

Keywords

Poly(vinyl alcohol) Ammonium sulfate Glutaraldehyde Nonwoven fabric Surface coating Controlled release fertilizer 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors appreciate the contributions of nonwoven producer Hassan Tekstil, İstanbul, Turkey.

Funding

This work was supported by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK), Project Number: 115M718

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no competing financial interest.

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Copyright information

© American Coatings Association 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Textile Engineering Department, Faculty of EngineeringErciyes UniversityMelikgaziTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Faculty of AgricultureErciyes UniversityMelikgaziTurkey

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