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Durability enhancement of icephobic fluoropolymer film

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Abstract

An icephobic and superhydrophobic surface was made by the sputtering of fluoropolymer material (PTFE or Teflon®) on anodized aluminum alloys. The study of this superhydrophobic coating under atmospheric icing conditions showed a 3.5 times reduction of its ice adhesion strength. To evaluate the longevity of such coated surfaces and to assess their potential outdoor applications, their durability was studied after several icing/de-icing cycles. However, these coatings showed weak stability after several icing/de-icing cycles. Plasma argon pretreatment of the anodized aluminum surface was used before sputtering to increase adhesion strength between the anodized aluminum surface and Teflon-like coating. Ice adhesion and contact angle measurements of the pretreated Teflon-like coating indicated clearly that the instability was associated with the low cohesion strength of the Teflon-like film. In order to improve the cohesive strength of the coating, the input power of the discharge was increased during the sputtering process. XPS, SEM, and contact angle analyses showed that an increase in input power renders the Teflon-like coating more stable. The results of ice adhesion measurement showed low variation in ice adhesion strength on such surfaces after 15 icing/de-icing cycles. This coating also showed an excellent stability under UV irradiation and condensation.

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Acknowledgment

This work was carried out within the framework of the NSERC/Hydro-Quebec/UQAC Industrial Chair on Atmospheric Icing of Power Network Equipment (CIGELE) and the Canada Research Chair on Engineering of Power Network Atmospheric Icing (INGIVRE) at Université du Québec à Chicoutimi. The authors would like to thank the CIGELE partners (Hydro-Québec, Hydro One, Réseau Transport d’Électricité (RTE), K-Line Insulators, Dual-ADE, and FUQAC) whose financial support made this research possible. The authors are grateful to Hélène Grégoire (NRC-ATC) for SEM analyses.

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Jafari, R., Momen, G. & Farzaneh, M. Durability enhancement of icephobic fluoropolymer film. J Coat Technol Res 13, 405–412 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11998-015-9759-z

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