Preparation of a superamphiphobic surface on a common cast iron substrate

  • Zhiqing Yuan
  • Jiayu Xiao
  • Chunqi Wang
  • Jingcheng Zeng
  • Suli Xing
  • Jun Liu
Brief Communication


A superamphiphobic (super-repellent) surface with both water and rapeseed oil contact angle higher than 150° was prepared on a common cast iron substrate. The water and rapeseed oil contact angles were 158 ± 1.9° and 151 ± 1.7°, respectively. The sliding angles of water and rapeseed oil on the superamphiphobic surface were 2° and 16°, respectively. Scanning electron microscope images showed that many interesting microflower-like microstructures comprised many nanorods with the average diameter of about 200 nm, which were distributed on the superamphiphobic cast iron substrate. Each nanorod was composed of many smaller nanostructures and nano particles, which created interesting micro–nano binary structures similar to the surface microstructures of lotus leaves. When kept in an ambient environment for 6 months, no rust was observed on the superamphiphobic cast iron substrate surface, which showed excellent corrosion resistance.


Superamphiphobic Superhydrophobic Superoleophobic Contact angle Sliding angle 



The authors thank the Science Foundation of China PostDoctor (No. 20090461482), the Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province (No. 10JJ4033), and the Science and Technology Planning Project of Hunan Province (No. 2010RS4011) for the support provided by them.


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Copyright information

© ACA and OCCA 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials Engineering and Applied ChemistryCollege of Aerospace and Materials Engineering, National University of Defense TechnologyChangshaPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Packaging & Materials EngineeringHunan University of TechnologyZhuzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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