Conflict of Interest and the CREATE-X Trial in the New England Journal of Medicine

Abstract

There is an increasing emphasis on clear disclosure of conflict of interest in medical communities, following repeated scientific frauds in clinical trials. However, incomplete COI statements continue to be prevalent in the medical community, as appears to have occurred in the Capecitabine for Residual Cancer as Adjuvant Therapy (CREATE-X) trial, which was recently published in the New England Journal of Medicine. The authors of the article did not clearly report the roles of the Japan Breast Cancer Research Group, a sponsor and funder of the study, although a majority of the Japanese authors served in important positions in the organization. Furthermore, the conflict of interest related to Chugai Pharmaceutical Company, a Japanese distributor of capecitabine, was not correctly disclosed. More transparent statements of conflict of interest and clarification of sponsors and funders’ roles, as well as rigorous review by academic journals are required to fairly interpret the findings of clinical trials, including and beyond the single case of the CREATE-X trial.

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References

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Correspondence to Akihiko Ozaki.

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Ozaki, A. Conflict of Interest and the CREATE-X Trial in the New England Journal of Medicine. Sci Eng Ethics 24, 1809–1811 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11948-017-9966-3

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Keywords

  • Conflict of interest
  • Capecitabine
  • Breast cancer
  • Clinical trial
  • New England Journal of Medicine