Skip to main content
Log in

Predatory Journals Spamming for Publications: What Should Researchers Do?

  • Opinion
  • Published:
Science and Engineering Ethics Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

In the internet era spam has become a big problem. Researchers are troubled with unsolicited or bulk spam emails inviting them to publish. However, this strategy has helped predatory journals hunt their prey and earn money. These journals have grown tremendously during the past few years despite serious efforts by researchers and scholarly organizations to hinder their growth. Predatory journals and publishers are often based in developing countries, and they potentially target researchers from these counties by using different tactics identified in previous research. In response to the spread of predatory publishing, scientists are trying to develop criteria and guidelines to help avoid them—for example, the recently reported “predatory rate”. This article attempts to (a) highlight the strategies used by predatory journals to convince researchers to publish with them, (b) report their article processing charges, (c) note their presence in Jeffrey Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers, (d) rank them based on the predatory rate, and (e) put forward suggestions for junior researchers (especially in developing counties), who are the most likely targets of predatory journals.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

Notes

  1. This is an approach of ranking predatory journals based on Beall’s criteria for detection of predatory journals. The criteria for ranking a predatory journal is based on a journal’s editorial section (Email, Affiliation, and Number of editors), review process and publishing (Review time, Unclear review process, Number of papers in each issue, Questionable special issue), announcement (Availability of journal full address, Using bogus metric and index, Send journal spam email to receive papers), and OA policies and publication charges (Fast track fee, Submission fee, Publication Fee, Charging both authors and readers). The total weighted predatory rate (PR) score ranges between 0 and 1 where score greater than 0.22 reflects a predatory journal, greater than 0 and lower than 0.22 reflects a journal with predatory practices, and 0 value confirms a non-predatory journal.

References

Download references

Acknowledgements

I thank K. Shashok (Author AID in the Eastern Mediterranean) for improving the use of English in the manuscript and for helpful suggestions.

Author Contributions

Aamir Raoof Memon contributed to all the aspects of this manuscript and takes the responsibility of it.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Aamir Raoof Memon.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The author does not have any potential conflicts of interest to disclose.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Memon, A.R. Predatory Journals Spamming for Publications: What Should Researchers Do?. Sci Eng Ethics 24, 1617–1639 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11948-017-9955-6

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11948-017-9955-6

Keywords

Navigation