Science and Engineering Ethics

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 317–319 | Cite as

Chinese and Iranian Scientific Publications: Fast Growth and Poor Ethics

  • Behzad Ataie-AshtianiEmail author

There is a rapid global growth of scientific publications. The world growth rate of scientific publications from 1980–1994 to 1995–2009, indicates that the Iranian growth rate is the fastest in the world and it is followed by the Republic of Korea, Turkey, Cyprus, China and Oman [Science-Metrix 2010]. On the other hand there are frequent reports of academic misconduct in various scholarly activities in some of these countries [e.g., Butler 2009; Hvistendahl 2013]. The objective of this letter is to quantitatively scrutinize publication misconduct among a number of countries and compare the countries’ ranking on scientific publication misconduct.

As a rough indicator of the publications misconduct, the number of retracted articles of the top 25 countries based on the SCImago Journal and Country Rank portal was determined [SJR 2016]. The portal uses the Scopus database information to analyse scientific journals and countries contributions in scientific publication production. The...


Scientific Publication Country Contribution Scopus Database Publication Production Frequent Report 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no competing financial interest.


  1. Butler, D. (2009). Publisher retracts paper by Iran’s science ministere. Nature,. doi: 10.1038/news.2009.945.Google Scholar
  2. Hvistendahl, M. (2013). China’s publication bazaar. Science, 342, 1035–1039.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Science-Metrix. (2010). 30 Years in science: secular movements in knowledge creation. (Online)
  4. Scopus. (2016). (Online) Accessed 12 Feb 2016.
  5. SJR. (2016). SCImago Journal & Country Rank portal. (online) Accessed 12 Feb 2016.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringSharif University of TechnologyTehranIran
  2. 2.National Centre for Groundwater Research and Training, School of the EnvironmentFlinders UniversityAdelaideAustralia

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