Fake and unethical publishers’ activities are known by most of the readers of Science and Engineering Ethics. This letter tries to draw the readers’ attention to the hidden side of some of these publishers’ business. Here the black market of scholarly articles, which negatively affects the validity and reliability of research in higher education, as well as science and engineering, will be introduced.
KeywordsPublication Fake and unethical publishers Scholarly black market Publication validity and reliability
Author thanks Dr. James O’Hara for his comments that greatly improved the manuscript.
No specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors was received.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The author declares that he has no conflict of interest.
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