Teaching research ethics: Can web-based instruction satisfy appropriate pedagogical objectives?
Ethical tasks faced by researchers in science and engineering as they engage in research include recognition of moral problems in their practice, finding solutions to those moral problems, judging moral actions and engaging in preventive ethics. Given these issues, appropriate pedagogical objectives for research ethics education include (1) teaching researchers to recognize moral issues in their research, (2) teaching researchers to solve practical moral problems in their research from the perspective of the moral agent, (3) teaching researchers how to make moral judgments about actions, and (4) learning to engage in preventive ethics. If web-based research ethics education is intended to be adequate and sufficient for research ethics education, then it must meet those objectives. However there are reasons to be skeptical that it can.
KeywordsTeaching Research Ethics Web-based instruction
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Wallace, James D. (1996) Ethical Norms, Particular Cases. Cornell University Press, Ithaca and London.Google Scholar
- 2.Harris, C.E. Jr., Pritchard, M. S., Rabins, M.J. (1995) Engineering Ethics: Concepts and Cases, 2 nd Edition, Wadsworth Publishing Company, Belmont.Google Scholar
- 5.Arras, John D. (1994) Principles and Particularity: The Role of Cases in Bioethics, Indiana Law Journal 69: 983–1014.Google Scholar
- 6.Beauchamp, Thomas L., & Childress, James F. (2001) Principles of Biomedical Ethics: Fifth edition, Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
- 7.Bebeau, M. (1994) Influencing the Moral Dimensions of Dental Practice, in Rest, J.R., & Narvaez, D., eds. Moral Development in the Professions: Psychology and Applied Ethics, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers, Hillsdale, New Jersey, pp. 123–128.Google Scholar
- 10.Whitbeck, Caroline (1995) Teaching Ethics to Scientists and Engineers: Moral Agents and Moral Problems, Science and Engineering Ethics, 1: (3) 299–308.Google Scholar
- 11.Cohen, Joshua (1993) Moral Pluralism and Moral Consensus in Copp, D., Hampton, J. & Roemer, J. E. eds. The Idea of Democracy, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, New York.Google Scholar
- 12.Jonsen, A.R. & Toulmin, S. (1998) The Abuse of Casuistry: A History of Moral Reasoning, University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles.Google Scholar
- 13.Whitbeck, Caroline (1998) Ethics in Engineering Practice and Research, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
- 14.Benjamin, M. (1990) Splitting the Difference: Compromise and Integrity in Ethics and Politics, University Press of Kansas, Lawrence.Google Scholar
- 16.Swazey, J. & Bird, S.J. (1997) Teaching and Learning Research Ethics, in Elliott, D., & Stern, J.E., eds., Research Ethics: A Reader, University Press of New England, Hanover, Chapter 1.Google Scholar
- 17.Pritchard, Michael S. (1998) Sidgwick’s Practical Ethics, International Journal of Applied Philosophy, 12:2, pp. 147–151.Google Scholar
- 18.Toulmin, S. (1981) The Tyranny of Principles, The Hastings Center Report, December, 1981: pp 31–39Google Scholar
- 19.Toulmin, S. (1982) How Medicine Saved the Life of Ethics, Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 25: 736–750Google Scholar
- 21.Arras, J. (1991) Getting Down to Cases: The Revival of Casuistry in Bioethics, Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 16: pp. 29–51.Google Scholar
- 24.Callahan, D., & Bok, S., eds. (1980) Ethics Teaching in Higher Education, Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
- 25.Schrag, B. (2002) Changing the Culture of Science: Teaching Research Ethics to Graduate Students and Post-doctoral Fellows. Monograph Series of the Center for the Study of Ethics in Society, Western Michigan University. Vol. XIV No. 3 April, 2002.Google Scholar
- 26.Schrag, B. ed. (1997–2005) Research Ethics: Cases and Commentaries, Vol 1–7, Association for Practical and Professional Ethics, Bloomington, Indiana.Google Scholar
- 27.Pimple, Kenneth D. (2005) Ethics at the Interface: A Successful Online Seminar, Commentary on “Some reflections on teaching health care ethics on the web” (T. Schonfeld), Science and Engineering Ethics 11: 481–494.Google Scholar
- 28.Woodburn, Laura (2002) Scientist and Subjects: An Internet-based seminar on the Ethics of Research with Human Subjects. Summary Process Evaluation: 2001–2002, October 2002.Google Scholar