Skip to main content

Does academic dishonesty relate to unethical behavior in professional practice? An exploratory study

Abstract

Previous research indicates that students in engineering self-report cheating in college at higher rates than those in most other disciplines. Prior work also suggests that participation in one deviant behavior is a reasonable predictor of future deviant behavior. This combination of factors leads to a situation where engineering students who frequently participate in academic dishonesty are more likely to make unethical decisions in professional practice. To investigate this scenario, we propose the hypotheses that (1) there are similarities in the decision-making processes used by engineering students when considering whether or not to participate in academic and professional dishonesty, and (2) prior academic dishonesty by engineering students is an indicator of future decisions to act dishonestly. Our sample consisted of undergraduate engineering students from two technically-oriented private universities. As a group, the sample reported working full-time an average of six months per year as professionals in addition to attending classes during the remaining six months. This combination of both academic and professional experience provides a sample of students who are experienced in both settings. Responses to open-ended questions on an exploratory survey indicate that students identify common themes in describing both temptations to cheat or to violate workplace policies and factors which caused them to hesitate in acting unethically, thus supporting our first hypothesis and laying the foundation for future surveys having forced-choice responses. As indicated by the responses to forced-choice questions for the engineering students surveyed, there is a relationship between self-reported rates of cheating in high school and decisions to cheat in college and to violate workplace policies; supporting our second hypothesis. Thus, this exploratory study demonstrates connections between decision-making about both academic and professional dishonesty. If better understood, these connections could lead to practical approaches for encouraging ethical behavior in the academic setting, which might then influence future ethical decision-making in workplace settings.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Bowers, W.J. (1964). Student Dishonesty and its Control in College, Bureau of Applied Social Research, Columbia University.

  2. McCabe, D.L. (1997). “Classroom Cheating Among Natural Science and Engineering Majors.” Science and Engineering Ethics 3: 433–445.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Beck, L. and I. Ajzen (1991). “Predicting Dishonest Actions Using the Theory of Planned Behavior.” Journal of Research in Personality 25: 285–301.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Blankenship, K.L. and B.E. Whitley (2000). “Relation of General Deviance to Academic Dishonesty.” Ethics and Behavior 10 (1): 1–12.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Hilbert, G.A. (1985). “Involvement of Nursing Students in Unethical Classroom and Clinical Behaviors.” Journal of Professional Nursing 1: 230–234.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Kerkvliet, J. (1994). “Cheating by Economics Students: A Comparison of Survey Results.” Journal of Economic Education 25: 121–133.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Fass, R.A. (1989). Cheating and Plagiarism. Ethics and Higher Education. W.W. May. New York, Macmillan: 170–184.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Edwards, A.L. (1957). Techniques of Attitude Scale Construction. Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Himmelfarb, S. and C. Lickteig (1982). “Social Desirability and the Randomized Response Technique.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 43(4): 710–717.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Carpenter, D.D., T.S. Harding, et al. (2002). P.A.C.E.S. — A Study on Academic Integrity among Engineering Undergraduates (Preliminary Conclusions). Proceedings of the 2002 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference. Montreal, Canada.

  11. Finelli, C.J., T.S. Harding, et al. (2003). “Students’ Perceptions of both the Certainty and the Deterrent Effect of Potential Consequences to Cheating.” Proceedings of the American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference, Nashville, TN.

  12. Nonis, S. and C.O. Swift (2001). “An Examination of the Relationship Between Academic Dishonesty and Workplace Dishonesty: A Multicampus Investigation.” Journal of Education for Business: 69–77.

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Donald D. Carpenter.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Carpenter, D.D., Harding, T.S., Finelli, C.J. et al. Does academic dishonesty relate to unethical behavior in professional practice? An exploratory study. SCI ENG ETHICS 10, 311–324 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11948-004-0027-3

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11948-004-0027-3

Keywords

  • academic dishonesty
  • cheating
  • professional ethics
  • engineering education