Food and Bioprocess Technology

, Volume 10, Issue 10, pp 1798–1808 | Cite as

Bioplastics of Native Starches Reinforced with Passion Fruit Peel

  • Thaisa M. A. Moro
  • José L. R. AscheriEmail author
  • Juan A. R. Ortiz
  • Carlos W. P. Carvalho
  • Arturo Meléndez-Arévalo
Original Paper


Industrial passion fruit juice production generates a large amount of passion fruit waste, which contains about 60% of fibers when dried and could be used as reinforcement of thermoplastic starch. This study aimed to develop an extruded starchy bioplastic reinforced with passion fruit peel (Pfp) (0, 4, 10, 16, and 20%), glycerol (60, 64, 70, 76, and 80 wt%), and starch mix (55% corn and 45% cassava) that were processed at varied screw speeds (66, 80, 100, 120, and 134 rpm). The response surface methodology was applied to analyze the effects of Pfp, glycerol, and screw speed. Mechanical properties, contact angle, and water permeability and solubility were the response variables. Addition of Pfp, up to 4%, improved the bioplastic mechanical properties. High addition of Pfp (16 and 20%) combined with the lowest screw speed (66 rpm) reduced bioplastic water solubility. Water vapor permeability slightly increased with the combination of increasing glycerol content and screw speed. Contact angle was not statically affected by the independent variables. The extrusion showed as an interesting tool that provided greater homogeneity of Pfp incorporated in starch bioplastic, though the mix would benefit from finer Pfp particle size distribution.


Thermoplastic extrusion Biofilms Vegetable fibers Response surface methodology Mechanical properties 



The authors gratefully acknowledge the CAPES and CNPq for the scholarships and the FAPERJ for the financial support.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors attest that there are no interests that competed with the objective, interpretation, and presentation of the results.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Post-Graduate Program in Food Science and TechnologyUniversidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro (UFRRJ)SeropédicaBrazil
  2. 2.Food Extrusion and Physical Properties LabEmbrapa Food TechnologyRio de JaneiroBrazil
  3. 3.Food Science and Technology DepartmentEscuela Agrícola Panamericana El ZamoranoYeguare Valley, Municipality of San Antonio de OrienteHonduras

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