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Retroperitoneal Robot-Assisted Partial Nephrectomy (rRAPN): Surgical Technique and Review

A Correction to this article was published on 26 June 2021

This article has been updated


Purpose of Review

We aim to offer a description of the surgical technique and to review the current state retroperitoneal robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (rRAPN).

Recent Findings

Partial nephrectomy is the standard treatment for localized kidney tumours. rRAPN is especially useful for kidney tumours of posterior location. It offers advantages such as direct access to the renal artery and no need for bowel mobilization. The disadvantages are the small working space and the less familiar anatomical landmarks. It is a reproducible technique that achieves similar oncological and functional results to the more traditional transperitoneal route (tRAPN). High-quality randomized studies are needed to ascertain the role of new technologies as modern high-flow insufflation systems, intracavitary ultrasound, 3D planning, and augmented reality (AR), in the performance of this operation.


rRAPN is especially useful for kidney tumours of posterior location. Robotic surgeons ideally should become familiar with both approaches, transperitoneal or retroperitoneal.

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Change history


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Correspondence to Moises Rodríguez Socarrás.

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Conflict of Interest

Moises Rodríguez Socarrás, Javier Reinoso Elbers, Juan Gómez Rivas, Ana Maria Autran, Francesco Esperto, Leonardo Tortolero, Diego M Carrion, and Fernando Gómez Sancha each declare no potential conflicts of interest.

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The original online version of this article was revised: The author name "Diego Carrion" was incorrect.

This article is part of the Topical Collection on Kidney Diseases

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Socarrás, M.R., Elbers, J.R., Rivas, J.G. et al. Retroperitoneal Robot-Assisted Partial Nephrectomy (rRAPN): Surgical Technique and Review. Curr Urol Rep 22, 33 (2021).

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  • Retroperitoneal robotic surgery
  • Robotic partial nephrectomy
  • Kidney cancer
  • Kidney tumour
  • Retroperitoneal robot-assisted partial nephrectomy