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Use of Dynamic MRI of the Pelvic Floor in the Assessment of Anterior Compartment Disorders

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Approximately 25% of women in the USA suffer from pelvic floor disorders. Disorders of the anterior compartment of the pelvic floor, in particular, can cause symptoms such as incomplete urinary voiding, urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, dyspareunia, and pelvic pain, potentially negatively impacting a woman’s quality of life. In some clinical situations, clinical exam alone may be insufficient, especially when patient’s symptoms are in excess of their pelvic exam findings. In many of these patients, dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI) of the pelvic floor can be a valuable imaging tool allowing for comprehensive assessment of the entire pelvic anatomy and its function.

Recent Findings

Traditionally, evaluation of the anterior compartment has been primarily through clinical examination with occasional use of urodynamic testing and ultrasound. In recent years, dMRI has continued to gain popularity due to its improved imaging quality, reproducibility, and ability to display the entire pelvic floor. Emerging evidence has also shown utility of dMRI in the postoperative setting. In spite of advances, there remains an ongoing discussion in contemporary literature regarding the accuracy of dMRI and its correlation with clinical examination and with patient symptoms.

Summary

Dynamic pelvic MRI is a helpful adjunct to physical examination and urodynamic testing, particularly when a patient’s symptoms are in excess of the physical examination findings. Evaluation with dMRI can guide preoperative and postoperative surgical management in many patients, especially in the setting of multicompartmental disorders. This review will summarize relevant pelvic floor anatomy and discuss the clinical application, imaging technique, imaging interpretation, and limitations of dMRI.

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Correspondence to Ayushi P. Gupta.

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Ayushi Gupta, Prerna Raj Pandya, My-Linh Nguyen, Tola Fashokun, and Katarzyna J. Macura each declare no potential conflicts of interest.

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This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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This article is part of the Topical Collection on New Imaging Techniques

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Gupta, A.P., Pandya, P.R., Nguyen, ML. et al. Use of Dynamic MRI of the Pelvic Floor in the Assessment of Anterior Compartment Disorders. Curr Urol Rep 19, 112 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11934-018-0862-4

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Keywords

  • Anterior compartment
  • Dynamic MRI of the pelvic floor
  • MR defecography
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Pelvic organ prolapse