Vaginal reconstruction can be challenging when there is a paucity of tissue, as the ideal donor source has yet to be determined. Many of the existing and commonly used techniques, such as vaginal replacement with skin grafts or bowel segments, have both advantages and disadvantages. A novel technique for vaginal replacement and reconstruction is with autologous buccal mucosa, an epithelium which is an excellent tissue match to the vagina. As urologists often have extensive experience with the use of oral mucosa for urethral reconstruction, it is fitting to apply these techniques to procedures where native vaginal tissue is lacking. This review presents the existing literature as well as the author’s own experience with the use of autologous buccal mucosa for a variety of vaginal reconstructive procedures.
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Conflict of Interest
Dr. Gwen M. Grimsby and Dr. Linda A. Baker each declare no potential conflicts of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
This article is part of the Topical Collection on Pediatric Urology
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Grimsby, G.M., Baker, L.A. The Use of Autologous Buccal Mucosa Grafts in Vaginal Reconstruction. Curr Urol Rep 15, 428 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11934-014-0428-z