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Franco I: Overactive bladder in children. Part 1: Pathophysiology. J Urol 2007;178:761–768; discussion 768.
Miyazato M, Sugaya K, Nishijima S, Ashitomi K, Ohyama C, Ogawa Y: Rectal distention inhibits bladder activity via glycinergic and gabaergic mechanisms in rats. J Urol 2004;171:1353–1356.
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Fitzgerald MP, Thom DH, Wassel-Fyr C, Subak L, Brubaker L, Van Den Eeden SK, Brown JS: Childhood urinary symptoms predict adult overactive bladder symptoms. J Urol 2006;175:989–993.
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•• Tadic SD, Griffiths D, Schaefer W, Cheng CI, Resnick NM: Brain activity measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging is related to patient reported urgency urinary incontinence severity. J Urol;183:221–228. This study defines the areas of the brain responsible for urgency.
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DasGupta R: Different brain effects during chronic and acute sacral neuromodulation in urge incontinent patients with implanted neurostimulators. BJU Int 2007;99:700.
• Dasgupta R, Critchley HD, Dolan RJ, Fowler CJ: Changes in brain activity following sacral neuromodulation for urinary retention. J Urol 2005;174:2268-2272. This study indicates that sacral nerve stimulation has some effect on brain activity.
Blok BF, Groen J, Bosch JL, Veltman DJ, Lammertsma AA: Different brain effects during chronic and acute sacral neuromodulation in urge incontinent patients with implanted neurostimulators. BJU Int 2006;98:1238–1243.
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Alonso-Alonso M, Pascual-Leone A: The right brain hypothesis for obesity. JAMA 2007;297:1819–1822.