The techniques for management of small renal masses (SRMs) have evolved over the past several years. Radical nephrectomy can lead to an increased risk of chronic kidney disease, and the emphasis is now shifting to nephron-conserving techniques. Partial nephrectomy is now considered a standard of care for the management of SRMs, and laparoscopic techniques are becoming popular because they are minimally invasive. The kidneys are extremely vascular organs, and renal hemorrhage is a major cause of morbidity after laparoscopic partial nephrectomies. Control of bleeding and management of calyceal injuries can be difficult and make the procedure technically challenging. This review looks at the various modalities that are available to reduce bleeding and reviews some advances in the area of hemostatic maneuvers during laparoscopic partial nephrectomies.
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Dr. Raymond J. Leveillee has received research support from AngioDynamics; has served as an unpaid consultant and received research lab support from Covidien; has served as a lecturer/proctor for Intuitive; and has served as a lecturer for Applied Medical. No other potential conflicts of interest relevant to this article were reported.
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Ramanathan, R., Leveillee, R.J. A Review of Methods for Hemostasis and Renorrhaphy After Laparoscopic and Robot-assisted Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy. Curr Urol Rep 11, 208–220 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11934-010-0107-7
- Partial nephrectomy
- Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy
- Small renal masses
- Hemostasis after partial nephrectomy
- Tissue sealants
- Hemostatic agents