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Current Sports Medicine Reports

, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 269–273 | Cite as

Probiotics and athletic performance: A systematic review

  • Andrew W. Nichols
Article

Abstract

Probiotic bacteria are defined as live food ingredients that are beneficial to the health of the host. Probiotics occur naturally in fermented food products such as yogurt, kefir, sauerkraut, cabbage kimchee, and soybean-based miso and natto. Numerous health benefits have been attributed to probiotics, including effects on gastrointestinal tract function and diseases, immune function, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and allergic conditions. A systematic review of the medical literature failed to identify any studies that directly investigated the potential ergogenic effects of probiotics on athletic performance. Two published articles suggest that probiotics may enhance the immune responses of fatigued athletes. In summary, although scientific evidence for an ergogenic effect of probiotics is lacking, probiotics may provide athletes with secondary health benefits that could positively affect athletic performance through enhanced recovery from fatigue, improved immune function, and maintenance of healthy gastrointestinal tract function.

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Copyright information

© Current Medicine Group LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, John A. Burns School of MedicineUniversity of Hawai’i at ManoaHonoluluUSA

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