Caffeine as an ergogenic aid
- 14 Downloads
Caffeine is a naturally occurring substance that is widely consumed in a variety of forms. It produces multiple physiologic effects throughout the body. It is thought that this is mediated mainly through action at centrally located adenosine receptors. Caffeine has been studied for its potential use as an ergogenic aid. Several studies have demonstrated an improvement in exercise performance in submaximal endurance activities. Its potential ergogenic effect in acute, high-intensity exercise is less clear. Because of its potential use as an ergogenic aid, it use in sports is regulated by most sanctioning bodies.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
References and Recommended Reading
- 1.Mellion MB, Walsh WM, Madden C, et al.: Team Physician’s Handbook, edn 3. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002:186–187.Google Scholar
- 2.Swift RM: Specific drugs. In Textbook of Primary Care Medicine, edn 3. Edited by NobleJ, GreeneHL,LevinsonW, et al. Philadelphia: Mosby; 2001:445–450.Google Scholar
- 4.Leski MJ, Terrell TR: Nutrition and ergogenic aids. In Textbook of Family Practice, edn 6. Edited by Rakel RE. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 2002:856.Google Scholar
- 9.Applegate EA, Grivetti LE: Symposium: nutrition and physical performance: a century of progress and tribute to the modern Olympic movement. J Nutr 1997, 127:896S-873S.Google Scholar
- 14.Davis JM, Zhao Z, Stock HS, et al.: Central nervous system effects of caffeine and adenosine on fatigue. J Appl Physiol 2003, 284:399–404. One of the initial studies outlining the effects that caffeine play in the central nervous system and its crucial role as an antagonist of adenosine receptors.Google Scholar
- 27.Jordan S, Murty M, Pilon K: Products containing bitter orange or synephrine: suspected cardiovascular adverse reactions. Can Med Assoc J 2004, 171:993–994.Google Scholar
- 28.Caffeine and athletic performance. In The Sports Medicine Patient Advisor, edn 1. Edited by Rouzier P, White T, Gilfilan T, Johnson J. Amherst, MA: SportsMed Press; 1999:283–284.Google Scholar