Current Sexual Health Reports

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 265–272 | Cite as

An Updated Review of the Literature on LGBTQ+ Intimate Partner Violence

  • Melissa Decker
  • Heather L. LittletonEmail author
  • Katie M. Edwards
Sexual Orientation and Identity (E Coleman and J Vencill, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Sexual Orientation and Identity


Purpose of Review

This paper reviews the LGBTQ+ intimate partner violence (IPV) literature published since 2015.

Recent Findings

Though LGBTQ+ IPV mirrors heterosexual cisgender IPV in most ways, sexual and gender minorities face higher rates of IPV, potentially worse outcomes, and different IPV trajectories. Therefore, shared risk factors cannot fully explain these differences. Researchers attribute this variability to minority stress, such as sexuality-based discrimination and internalized homophobia, which explain differences in IPV among LGBTQ+ individuals and heterosexual cisgender individuals. Indeed, recent findings support the importance of minority stress factors, especially internalized homophobia, as risk factors for IPV.


Future research should focus on identifying protective factors against IPV within the LGBTQ+ community, as well as improving understanding of the variables that influence IPV at various levels of the social ecological model. Strategies for the prevention and intervention of LGBTQ+ IPV remain under-researched and poorly understood. Reducing minority stress is likely to be a key part of IPV prevention and intervention among LGBTQ+ persons.


Intimate partner violence Dating violence Sexual minority LGB Transgender Gender nonconforming 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Melissa Decker
    • 1
  • Heather L. Littleton
    • 1
    Email author
  • Katie M. Edwards
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyEast Carolina UniversityGreenvilleUSA
  2. 2.University of New HampshireDurhamUSA

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