Female Ejaculation, G Spot, A Spot, and Should We Be Looking for Spots?
This review considers research concerning the phenomenon of female ejaculation, the G spot, and the A spot. These topics have been the object of controversy in recent decades. Female ejaculation has been written about for more than 2000 years. The area of the Grafenberg or G spot was named by Drs. John Perry and Beverly Whipple in the early 1980s in honor of Dr. Ernst Grafenberg, and the A spot was identified by Dr. Chua Chee Ann in 1997. The goal of this author’s research program has been to validate, in a laboratory setting, women’s reports of pleasurable sensual and sexual experiences, not to create new goals, new spots, or controversy.
KeywordsFemale ejaculation G spot Grafenberg spot A spot Gushing Squirting Female prostate gland Clitourethrovaginal complex CUV
Compliance with Ethics Guidelines
Conflict of Interest
Beverly Whipple declares no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by the author.
- 1.Grafenberg E. The role of the urethra in female orgasm. Int J Sexol. 1950;3:145–8.Google Scholar
- 5.Ladas A, Whipple B, Perry JD. The G spot: and other recent discoveries about human sexuality. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston; 1982.Google Scholar
- 6.Ladas A, Whipple B, Perry JD. The G spot and other discoveries about human sexuality. New York: Holt, Owl Books; 2005.Google Scholar
- 8.Steifter KF. Die Dritte Dimension-der Lust. Das Geheimnis der weiblichen Ejakulataion. Frankfurt Main: Ullstein; 1988.Google Scholar
- 10.Cabello F. Female ejaculation: myths and reality. In: Borras-Valls JJ, Perez-Conchillo M, editors. Sexuality and human rights. Valencia: Nau Llibres; 1997.Google Scholar
- 11.Zaviacic M. The human female prostate: from vestigial skene’s paraurethal glands and ducts to woman’s functional prostate. Bratislava: Slovak Academic Press; 1999.Google Scholar
- 14.Grafenberg E, Dickinson RL. Conception control by plastic cervix cap. West J Surg Obstet Gynecol. 1944;52:335–40.Google Scholar
- 15.Masters WH, Johnson V. Human sexual response. Boston: Little, Brown; 1966.Google Scholar
- 17.Whipple B. G spot. In: Whelehan P, Bolin A, editors. The international encyclopedia of human sexuality. Australia: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.Google Scholar
- 18.Whipple B, Komisaruk BR. The G spot, orgasm, and female ejaculation: are they related? In: Kothari P, editor. The Proceedings of the First International Conference on Orgasm. Bombay: VRP Publishers; 1991. p. 227–37.Google Scholar
- 19.Chua Chee A. A proposal for a radical new sex therapy technique for the management of vasocongestive and orgasmic dysfunction in women: the AFE zone stimulation technique. Br J Sex Marital Ther. 1997;124:357–70.Google Scholar
- 20.Komisaruk BR, Whipple B, Nasserzadeh S, Beyer-Flores C. The orgasm answer guide. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press; 2010.Google Scholar
- 24.Jannini EA, Buisson O, Rubio-Casillas A. Beyond the G-spot: clitourethrovaginal complex anatomy in female orgasm. Nat Rev Urol. 2014. 10: Advance Online Publication.Google Scholar
- 25.Puppo V, Puppo G. Anatomy of sex: revision of the new anatomical terms used for the clitoris and the female orgasm by sexologists. Clin Anat. 2014. on line.Google Scholar
- 27.Puppo V, Puppo G. Letter to the editor. Response to the Letter to the Editor by Barry R. Komisaruk “Re: Puppo V, Puppo G. 2014. Anatomy of sex: revision of the new anatomical terms used for the clitoris and the female orgasm by sexologists”. Clin Anat. 2014. on line.Google Scholar