American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-5. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association; 2013.
American Psychiatric Association. DSM-IV-TR: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Text Revision. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association; 2000.
American Psychiatric Association, Task Force on DSM-IV. DSM-IV-TR: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Washington: American Psychiatric Association; 2000.
Wright S. Discrimination of SM-identified individuals. J Homosex. 2006;50(2–3):217–31.
Klein M, Moser C. SM (sadomasochistic) interests as an issue in a child custody proceeding. J Homosex. 2006;50(2–3):233–42.
Wright S. Depathologizing consensual sexual sadism, sexual masochism, transvestic fetishism, and fetishism. Arch Sex Behav. 2010;39(6):1229–30.
Khan U. Vicarious kinks: S/M in the socio-legal imaginary. Toronto: University of Toronto Press; 2014.
Kleinplatz P, Moser C. Is S/M pathological. Lesbian Gay Psychol Rev. 2005;6(3):255–60.
Moser C, Kleinplatz PJ. Does heterosexuality belong in the DSM. Lesbian Gay Psychol Rev. 2005;6(3):261–7.
Moser C, Kleinplatz PJ. DSM-IV-TR and the paraphilias: an argument for removal. J Psychol Hum Sex. 2006;17(3–4):91–109.
Krueger RB. The DSM diagnostic criteria for sexual sadism. Arch Sex Behav. 2010;39(2):325–45.
First MB, Halon RL. Use of DSM paraphilia diagnoses in sexually violent predator commitment cases. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law. 2008;36(4):443–54.
Frances A. The forensic risks of DSM-V and how to avoid them. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law. 2010;38:11–4.
First MB. DSM-5 proposals for paraphilias: suggestions for reducing false positives related to use of behavioral manifestations. Arch Sex Behav. 2010;39(6):1239–44.
Wakefield JC. DSM-5 proposed diagnostic criteria for sexual paraphilias: tensions between diagnostic validity and forensic utility. Int J Law Psychiatry. 2011;34(3):195–209.
Fedoroff JP. Forensic and diagnostic concerns arising from the proposed DSM-5 criteria for sexual paraphilic disorder. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law. 2011;39(2):238–41.
Frances AJ, Widiger T. Psychiatric diagnosis: lessons from the DSM-IV past and cautions for the DSM-5 future. Annu Rev Clin Psychol. 2012;8:109–30. This article is of importance because it draws on the authors’ experiences with the DSM-IV to provide insight on how to improve future editions of the DSM.
First MB. DSM-5 and paraphilic disorders. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law. 2014;42(2):191–201. This article is of importance because it considers how some of the text of the DSM-5’s paraphilic disorders can be misinterpreted to produce false positive diagnoses in forensic settings.
Wright S. Kinky parents and child custody: the effect of the DSM-5 differentiation between the paraphilias and paraphilic disorders. Arch Sex Behav 2014:1–2. This short article is of importance because it provides early evidence that the explicit differentiation between a paraphilic interest and a paraphilic disorder in the DSM-5 has had a positive effect for parents who are associated with BDSM in child custody cases.
The National Coalition for Sexual Freedom. (February 16, 2010). Kinky is not a diagnosis. Retrieved December 11, 2014, from https://ncsfreedom.org/key-programs/DSM-5-revision-project/kinky-is-not-a-diagnosis.html.
Krueger RB. The DSM diagnostic criteria for sexual masochism. Arch Sex Behav. 2010;39(2):346–56.
Litman RE, Swearingen C. Bondage and suicide. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1972;27(1):80–5.
Hinderliter AC. Defining paraphilia: excluding exclusion. Open Access J Forensic Psychol. 2010;2:241–72.
Shindel AW, Moser CA. Why are the paraphilias mental disorders? J Sex Med. 2011;8(3):927–9.
American Psychiatric Association. Paraphilic Disorders Fact Sheet. 2013; Available at: http://www.dsm5.org/Documents/Paraphilic%20Disorders%20Fact%20Sheet.pdf. Accessed December, 11, 2014.
The DSM-5 Paraphilias Subworkgroup. U 05 Sexual sadism disorder, “Rationale” tab [no longer available on-line]. Previously available at: http://www.dsm5.org/ProposedRevision/Pages/proposedrevision.aspx?rid=188#. Accessed December, 2012.
Blanchard, R. DSM-V options: paraphilias and paraphilic disorders, pedohebephilic disorder, and transvestic disorder. 28th annual meeting of the association for the treatment of sexual abusers, October 1, 2009: http://individual.utoronto.ca/ray_blanchard/index_files/ATSA_DSM.html; 2009. Accessed December, 11, 2014.
Blanchard R. The DSM diagnostic criteria for pedophilia. Arch Sex Behav. 2010;39(2):304–16.
Krueger RB, Kaplan MS. Paraphilic diagnoses in DSM-5. Isr J Psychiatry Relat Sci 2012; 49(4).
Joyal CC, Cossette A, Lapierre V. What exactly is an unusual sexual fantasy? J Sex Med 2014
Ogas O, Gaddam S. A billion wicked thoughts: what the Internet tells us about sexual relationships. Penguin; 2011.
James EL. Fifty shades of grey: Random House; 2012.
Donahue, D. (2012, August 30). Publishing world is turned on by fifty shades of grey. Retrieved December 13, 2014, from http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/life/books/news/story/2012-08-29/erotica-trend-fifty-shades-of-grey/57416594/1.
Sax, D. (2012, May 24) The ‘fifty shades of grey’ stimulus. Retrieved December 13, 2014, from http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2012-05-24/the-fifty-shades-of-grey-stimulus.
Moser C. Yet another paraphilia definition fails. Arch Sex Behav. 2011;40(3):483–5. This article is of importance because it carefully parses Blanchard’s proposed DSM-5’s definition of a paraphilia, which, with slight rewording, was essentially reproduced in the DSM-5. Moser shows that the definition fails to provide a coherent distinction between paraphilia and normophilia.
Daley A, Mulé NJ. LGBTQs and the DSM-5: a critical queer response. J Homosex. 2014;61(9):1288–312.
Moser C. Problems with ascertainment. Arch Sex Behav. 2010;39(6):1225–7.
Weinberg TS. Sadomasochism and the social sciences: a review of the sociological and social psychological literature. J Homosex. 2006;50(2–3):17–40.
Richters J, De Visser RO, Rissel CE, Grulich AE, Smith A. Demographic and psychosocial features of participants in bondage and discipline, “sadomasochism” or dominance and submission (BDSM): data from a national survey. J Sex Med. 2008;5(7):1660–8.
Powls J, Davies J. A descriptive review of research relating to sadomasochism: considerations for clinical practice. Deviant Behav. 2012;33(3):223–34.
Jozifkova E. Consensual sadomasochistic sex (BDSM): the roots, the risks, and the distinctions between BDSM and violence. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2013;15(9):1–8.
Blaustein M. May 30, 2013 | 6:44 pm Whips, chains and full of life: BDSM practitioners ‘healthier and less neurotic’ than ‘vanilla’ peers. (2013, May 30). Retrieved December 10, 2014, from http://nypost.com/2013/05/30/whips-chains-and-full-of-life-bdsm-practitioners-healthier-and-less-neurotic-than-vanilla-peers/.
Pappas, S. (2013, May 29). Bondage benefits: BDSM practitioners healthier than ‘vanilla’ people. Retrieved December 10, 2014, from http://www.livescience.com/34832-bdsm-healthy-psychology.html.
Gray, E. (2013, June 5). BDSM correlated with better mental health, says study. Retrieved December 10, 2014, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/06/05/bdsm-better-mental-health-study_n_3390676.html.
Wismeijer AA, Assen MA. Psychological characteristics of BDSM practitioners. J Sex Med. 2013;10(8):1943–52. This article is of importance because its comparison of BDSM practitioners and a control group found that the psychological profile of BDSM practitioners was healthy and balanced. Major newspapers picked up the study because it also revealed that BDSM practitioners have some psychological strengths and advantages over non-BDSM practitioners.
Newmahr S. Rethinking kink: sadomasochism as serious leisure. Qual Sociol. 2010;33(3):313–31.
Faccio E, Casini C, Cipolletta S. Forbidden games: the construction of sexuality and sexual pleasure by BDSM ‘players’. Culture, health & sexuality 2014(ahead-of-print):1–13.
Hébert A, Weaver A. An examination of personality characteristics associated with BDSM orientations. Can J Hum Sex. 2014;23(2):106–15. This study is important because it compared personality characteristics between dominants and submissives, groups that are normally lumped together in studies of BDSM practitioners.
Kleinplatz P, Moser C. Toward clinical guidelines for working with BDSM clients. Contemp Sex. 2004;38(6):1.
American Psychological Association. Guidelines for psychotherapy with lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients. Am Psychol. 2000;55:1440–51.
Barker M, Iantaf A, Gupta C. Kinky clients, kinky counselling? Feeling queer or queer feelings?: radical approaches to counselling sex, sexualities and genders. London: Routledge; 2014. p. 106–24.
Barker M. Turning the world upside down: developing a tool for training about SM. In: Langdridge D, Barker M, editors. Safe, sane and consensual: contemporary perspectives on sadomasochism. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan; 2007. p. 261–70.
Nichols M. Psychotherapeutic issues with “kinky” clients: clinical problems, yours and theirs. J Homosex. 2006;50(2–3):281–300.
Nichols M. Couples and kinky sexuality: the need for a new therapeutic approach. Critical Topics in Family Therapy: Springer; 2014. p. 139–149. This paper is important because it outlines clinical issues that a therapist might confront when working with BDSM clients.
Lawrence AA, Love-Crowell J. Psychotherapists’ experience with clients who engage in consensual sadomasochism: a qualitative study. J Sex Marital Ther. 2007;34(1):67–85.
Kelsey K, Stiles BL, Spiller L, Diekhoff GM. Assessment of therapists’ attitudes towards BDSM. Psychol Sex. 2013;4(3):255–67.
Pillai-Friedman S, Pollitt J, Castaldo A. Becoming kink-aware—a necessity for sexuality professionals. Sex Relationsh Ther 2014(ahead-of-print):1–15.
The Kink Aware Professionals Directory: https://ncsfreedom.org/key-programs/kink-aware-professionals/kap-program-page.html. Accessed December 28, 2014.
Kolmes K, Stock W, Moser C. Investigating bias in psychotherapy with BDSM clients. J Homosex. 2006;50(2–3):301–24.
Pope KS, Vasquez MJT. Ethics in psychotherapy and counseling: a practical guide. 3rd ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass; 2007.
Hoff G, Sprott RA. Therapy experiences of clients with BDSM sexualities: listening to a stigmatized sexuality. Electron J Hum Sex. 2009;12(9):30.
Kleinplatz PJ. Learning from extraordinary lovers: lessons from the edge. J Homosex. 2006;50(2–3):325–48.
Barker M, Gupta C, Iantaffi A. The power of play: the potentials and pitfalls in healing narratives of BDSM. In: Langbridge D, Barker M, editors. Safe, sane and consensual: contemporary perspectives on sadomasochism. London: Palgrave; 2007. p. 197–216.
Henkin WA, Langdridge D, Barker M. Some beneficial aspects of exploring personas and role play in the BDSM context. In: Langbridge D, Barker M, editors. Safe, sane and consensual: contemporary perspectives on sadomasochism. London: Palgrave; 2007. p. 229–40.
Easton D, Hardy JW. Radical ecstasy: SM journeys to transcendence. Greenery: Press; 2004.
Easton D. Shadowplay: S/M journeys to our selves. In: Langbridge D, Barker M, editors. Safe, sane and consensual: contemporary perspectives on sadomasochism. London: Palgrave; 2007. p. 217–28.
Turley EL, King N, Butt T. ‘It started when I barked once when I was licking his boots!’: a descriptive phenomenological study of the everyday experience of BDSM. Psychol Sex. 2011;2(2):123–36.
Lindemann D. BDSM as therapy? Sexualities. 2011;14(2):151–72.
Hammers C. Corporeality, sadomasochism and sexual trauma. Body Soc. 2014;20(2):68–90. This paper is important because it provides preliminary evidence of the potential healing power of BDSM ‘rape play’ for survivors of sexual assault.