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Gout in the Spine: Imaging, Diagnosis, and Outcomes

  • Crystal Arthritis (MH Pillinger and S Krasnokutsky, Section Editors)
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Abstract

Gout is characterized by the deposition of monosodium urate crystals and by acute and chronic inflammation in response to crystals so deposited. Multiple case reports and series describe the deposition of monosodium urate in the spine as a rare manifestation of gout, but the actual prevalence of spinal involvement is unknown and likely to be higher than generally anticipated. Here we review the characteristics of 131 previously reported cases of spinal involvement in gout. We focus in particular on the use of imaging modalities and the extent to which they correlate with presenting symptoms and tissue diagnoses. The recent innovation of using dual-energy computerized tomography to identify urate crystal deposition holds promise for reducing the need for surgical intervention and for establishing a true prevalence rate for spinal gout.

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Correspondence to Michael H. Pillinger.

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Conflict of Interest

Dr. Pillinger has received grant support from Takeda Inc. and Crealta. He has also served as a consultant for AstraZeneca and Crealta.

Dr. Krasnokutsky and Dr. Toprover has nothing to disclose.

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This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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This article is part of the Topical Collection on Crystal Arthritis

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Toprover, M., Krasnokutsky, S. & Pillinger, M.H. Gout in the Spine: Imaging, Diagnosis, and Outcomes. Curr Rheumatol Rep 17, 70 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11926-015-0547-7

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