Hyperuricemia, Gout, and Cardiovascular Disease: An Update

Abstract

Across the globe, both gout and hyperuricemia have become increasingly common over the last few decades. The burden of gouty disease is made heavier by its association with several comorbid conditions, including hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and chronic kidney disease. Accruing evidence from prospective studies suggests that gout is an independent risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease and for higher cardiovascular mortality. While asymptomatic hyperuricemia does not seem to be an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, increasing data implicates hyperuricemia as a risk factor for developing incidental hypertension. Important questions that remain unanswered include whether addressing asymptomatic hyperuricemia forestalls the onset of hypertension, and whether treating gout with urate-lowering agents improves cardiovascular outcomes. This article reviews the most recent data regarding the relationship between hyperuricemia, gout, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease, as well as emerging evidence as to whether treatment of hyperuricemia and gout improves cardiovascular outcomes.

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Aryeh M. Abeles declares no conflict of interest.

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Correspondence to Aryeh M. Abeles.

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This article is part of the Topical Collection on Crystal Arthritis

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Abeles, A.M. Hyperuricemia, Gout, and Cardiovascular Disease: An Update. Curr Rheumatol Rep 17, 13 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11926-015-0495-2

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Keywords

  • Gout
  • Hyperuricemia
  • Hypertension
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Allopurinol