Posttraumatic Growth as a Response to Natural Disasters in Children and Adolescents
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Purpose of Review
This review examines factors thought to be associated with posttraumatic growth (PTG) (demographic variables, exposure, and family and social processes) among youth exposed to natural disasters, describes the relationship between PTG and posttraumatic stress, and discusses psychological processes (rumination and coping) linked to PTG.
Guided by PTG theory and the literature on PTG in adults, research has revealed relationships between PTG and child, environmental, and family and social factors among youth though the results are mixed. Youth’s subjective exposure to disasters, their level of posttraumatic stress following the disaster, and the type of psychological processes they employ to cope with the disaster appear to be associated with PTG.
Research has garnered preliminary support for PTG in children exposed to natural disasters but additional research is needed to fully explicate these relationships and to understand how these relationships change over time.
KeywordsPosttraumatic growth Natural disasters Children Trauma Disaster reactions
The editors would like to thank Dr. Matthew J. Friedman for taking the time to review this manuscript.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Melissa Bernstein and Betty Pfefferbaum declare no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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