Current Psychiatry Reports

, 19:110 | Cite as

Reflections on Recent Research Into Animal-Assisted Interventions in the Military and Beyond

Military Mental Health (CH Warner, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Military Mental Health

Abstract

Purpose of Review

The purpose of the present review was threefold: to address the current state of Animal-Assisted Interactions (AAI) within the military; to summarize recent literature (within the past three years) in the field of AAI; and to discuss trends in AAI research since 2014.

Recent Findings

With regard to AAI within the military, several canine interaction programs have been utilized to assist service members in coping with various issues. Therapy dogs have been deployed with Combat-Operational Stress Control units; they have been integrated into medical clinics and behavioral health treatment programs in garrison; and policy has been developed to address the use of therapy animals in military treatment facilities. General research in AAI has demonstrated efficacy for certain presenting issues (stress management, trauma, autism spectrum disorder) and specific populations (children, the elderly, acute care patients). Overall trends in research include calls for increased consideration for animal welfare in AAI and increased rigor in research methodology.

Summary

Current research supports the structured use of therapy dogs in the treatment of various disorders and with specific populations, including military service members and veterans; however, the need for additional research with rigorous methodology remains.

Keywords

Animal-assisted interactions Animal-assisted therapy Therapy dogs Military CAM treatment CAM therapy 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Christina B. Rumayor and Amy M. Thrasher each declare no potential conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© US Government (outside the USA) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Behavioral HealthBrian Allgood Army Community HospitalSeoulKorea
  2. 2. Department of Behavioral HealthWomack Army Medical CenterFort BraggUSA

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