Bipolar Disorder and ADHD: Comorbidity and Diagnostic Distinctions

  • Ciro Marangoni
  • Lavinia De Chiara
  • Gianni L. FaeddaEmail author
Bipolar Disorders (W Coryell, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Bipolar Disorders


Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and bipolar disorder (BD) are neurodevelopmental disorders with onset in childhood and early adolescence, and common persistence in adulthood. Both disorders are often undiagnosed, misdiagnosed, and sometimes over diagnosed, leading to high rates of morbidity and disability. The differentiation of these conditions is based on their clinical features, comorbidity, psychiatric family history course of illness, and response to treatment. We review recent relevant findings and highlight epidemiological, clinical, family history, course, and treatment-response differences that can aid the differential diagnosis of these conditions in an outpatient pediatric setting.


Adolescent Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder Bipolar disorder Child Clinical features Course Differential diagnosis Treatment 


Compliance with Ethics Guidelines

Conflict of Interest

Ciro Marangoni and Lavinia De Chiara declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Gianni L. Faedda has received royalties for book: “Parenting a Bipolar Child”, New Harbinger Publishing, CA.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ciro Marangoni
    • 1
  • Lavinia De Chiara
    • 1
  • Gianni L. Faedda
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Centro Lucio BiniRomeItaly
  2. 2.Lucio Bini Mood Disorders CenterNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Child Study Center, Department of Child and Adolescent PsychiatryNew York University Medical CenterNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.International Consortium for Bipolar Disorder ResearchMcLean HospitalBelmontUSA

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