Grief and Traumatic Grief in Children in the Context of Mass Trauma

  • Atle Dyregrov
  • Alison Salloum
  • Pål Kristensen
  • Kari Dyregrov
Child and Family Disaster Psychiatry (B Pfefferbaum, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Child and Family Disaster Psychiatry


Children who have had someone close die as a result of a mass trauma event such as war, armed conflict, acts of terror, political violence, torture, mass accidents, and natural disasters are at risk for biopsychosocial problems. Research on how to classify when grief becomes complicated or traumatic in children is scarce, and while functioning level may provide a good indication, assessing functioning may be difficult in mass trauma environments where routines and structure are often lacking. There are promising trauma- and grief-focused interventions for children post-mass trauma, which are mostly provided in school settings. However, more advanced multi-method interventions are needed that address grief and trauma in the context of the child’s overall mental health, parent/caregiver role in assisting the child, family system issues, ways to provide safe caring environments amidst chaos and change, and interventions that take into account local consumer perspectives, including the voices of children.


Children Adolescents Grief Traumatic grief Mass trauma 


Compliance with Ethics Guidelines

Conflict of Interest

Pål Kristensen and Kari Dyregrov declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Atle Dyregrov is a Children and War Foundation board member.

Alison Salloum has received grant from the National Institute of Mental Health and royalties from Taylor and Francis and Centering Corporation.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Atle Dyregrov
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alison Salloum
    • 3
  • Pål Kristensen
    • 1
    • 4
  • Kari Dyregrov
    • 1
    • 5
  1. 1.Center for Crisis PsychologyBergenNorway
  2. 2.Faculty of PsychologyUniversity of BergenBergenNorway
  3. 3.School of Social WorkUniversity of South FloridaTampaUSA
  4. 4.Department for Child and Adolescent PsychiatryTelemark HospitalSkienNorway
  5. 5.Faculty of Health and Social SciencesBergen University CollegeBergenNorway

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